For shops and restaurants near Towson's colleges, the summer lull is over.
Classes have resumed at Towson University and Goucher College, re-energizing the nearby businesses, said Baltimore County Chamber of Commerce President and CEO Keith Scott.
"It creates a sense of optimism and hope," he said.
By one Towson University calculation, the college's students spend an average of $323 million on food, entertainment, health care, rentals, retail, transportation and utilities each year.
Towson certainly seems busier when school is back in session, said David Grossman, a professor of international business and marketing at Goucher.