True or false: The U.S. Constitution explicitly guarantees the rights of all it protects regardless of sex. The correct answer would be false. Other than the 19th Amendment giving women the right to vote, the Constitution does not specifically prohibit discrimination by gender. It is only relatively contemporary interpretations of the 14 Amendment’s equal protection clause — as well as various statutes and regulations — that have essentially banned sex discrimination at the federal level — but such provisions can be overturned by lawmakers or reinterpreted by future courts. They are not the same as an explicit guarantee written into the Constitution.