In 1963, President John F. Kennedy was assassinated as he rode in a motorcade in Dallas, and Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn in as his successor.
1718: English pirate Edward Teach, better known as Blackbeard, was killed during a battle off the Virginia coast.
1906: The SOS signal for ships in distress was adopted at the International Radio Telegraphic Convention in Berlin.
1928: In Paris, Maurice Ravel's “Bolero” was performed for the first time.
1977: Regular passenger service between New York and Europe on the supersonic Concorde began on a trial basis.