Just as the Civil War revealed a nation divided, Ronald F. Maxwell's "Gods and Generals," a prequel to his 1993 "Gettysburg," is a film divided. With an awesome sense of authenticity and scope, he has staged three major battles leading up to the Confederate defeat at Gettysburg, but he has populated his film with paragons rather than people.
Worse, they talk and talk and talk; this film is in danger of talking itself to death before the Union and the Confederacy are able to decimate each other. The battle scenes, however, attain a level of accomplishment that is likely to intrigue and please legions of Civil War buffs, especially battle re-enactors who participated extensively in the making of this film.
Dixie phrase -- The review of the film "Gods and Generals" in Friday's Calendar mistakenly quoted the phrase "whistling Dixie" as "whistling in Dixie."
But all that yapping! -- great swaths of quotations from the Bible and the classics, countless ringing speeches, endless stretches of flowery dialogue. It's as if the scores of actors are portraying people who believe their every phrase and gesture was being recorded for posterity by an omniscient documentarian. Such overwhelming self-consciousness threatens to stifle the humanity of everyone within camera range.
In adapting Jeffrey M. Shaara's book, Maxwell so clearly wants to celebrate the selflessness and bravery of the men of the North and the South and their families that everyone comes across as a saint. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside (Alex Hyde White), presented as an inflexible dunderhead whose refusal to press his early advantage handed the Confederacy a thudding victory at Fredericksburg, is merely the exception that proves the rule. Maxwell means to humanize historical personages but ends up mythologizing them. His film plays like an old-fashioned classroom visual-aid reel as a result.
Not helping matters is that Maxwell's pacing is, to put it kindly, elegiac, and worse, that his film is fitted out with one of those overwhelming, trite soaring scores that insistently exalt "the triumph of the human spirit" with every refrain.
None of this may bother anyone able to view a battlefield as a place of glory rather than of folly, the site of the ultimate breakdown of civilization -- of mankind's failure to mediate its differences. To his credit, Maxwell does not flinch from showing the carnage of battle but never wallows in it. Unfortunately, his legions of soldiers too often seem more heroic than human.
Even if Maxwell sees his generals as gods, his three principal actors are stalwart enough, in varying degrees, to make deeper impressions. In sheer presence, depth of character and breadth of perception, Robert Duvall is able to bring humanity to Gen. Robert E. Lee in a performance that towers over everyone else's.
The film's central character is Stephen Lang's Gen. Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, a Virginia Military Institute philosophy professor and a profoundly religious man who, in one of the film's rare humanizing moments, actually wonders whether he should fear God's judgment. In battle, he proves a bold, implacable leader of men and a master strategist.
With his fierce-looking beard, there is something Biblical about him, especially in his moments of righteous wrath, and it's easy to see Charlton Heston in his prime tearing into this role.
Although Lang's hair and makeup people must have been Union sympathizers, he is able to show us Jackson as the Southern beau idea.
Maxwell surely means to be evenhanded, but in the emphasis on Jackson, his opposite number from the North, Jeff Daniels' Lt. Col. Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, also a college philosophy professor, is slighted in the process. Daniels is a terrific, wide-ranging actor adept at playing against his all-American-guy looks, but here he doesn't have enough to work with. He's also stuck with a politically correct lecture on the evils of slavery that brings the film to a dead halt.
At least Daniels is spared the cringe-making scene in which Lang's Jackson is at pains to assure his black cook (Frankie Faison) that he's against slavery and is confident that the Confederacy will announce the abolishment of slavery sometime soon, a sentiment that like it or not brings to mind the expression "whistling in Dixie." Luckily, Daniels has stature and experience to fall back on, and he and Mira Sorvino, as his wife, the epitome of the New England bluestocking, work up some civilized repartee. Sorvino is fortunate, too, for the rest of the movie's women are largely insufferable caricatures, flowers of Southern womanhood so pure and noble as to make Olivia de Havilland's Melanie in "Gone With the Wind" seem a slacker in comparison.
Its glacial pacing aside, "Gods and Generals" is well-structured, unfolding in two parts, the first running 111 minutes and covering the first Battle of Bull Run, the initial major engagement of the Civil War and a victory for the South, and the Union disaster at Fredericksburg. After an intermission, the second part brings the film to an overall running time of 3 hours and 43 minutes (including the four minutes of a 12-minute interval during which the film's score continues). The second part is devoted to yet another great Confederate victory, Chancellorsville, in May 1863, that has been breathtakingly re-created. It was Chancellorsville that encouraged Lee to move two months later into Northern territory, to the small farming town of Gettysburg, just 10 miles above the Mason-Dixon line in Pennsylvania, where after three bloody days, the tide famously turned in favor of the Union.
Maxwell gives us a clear sense of the issues that divided America, a vivid sense of the cumbersome logistics involved, the complexity of the battles and, in the instance of Fredericksburg, what it was like for a town to be overrun by warfare.
Kees Von Oostrum's cinematography is straightforward, and Michael Z. Hanan's production design and Richard LaMotte's costumes reflect Maxwell's abiding concern for authenticity. Buildings and their interiors are period perfect, right down to the lighting. Although of a different artistic order, "Gods and Generals" is like "Gangs of New York" in its skill in re-creating the physical world of mid-19th century America in convincing detail, and also in depicting the violence and bloodshed of an era of convulsive change. It's the people caught up in the chaos they have trouble bringing alive.
'Gods and Generals'
MPAA rating: PG 13, for sustained battle sequences.
Times guidelines: Battle carnage depicted unflinchingly but not exploitatively; too brutal for young children.
Jeff Daniels ... Lt. Col. Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
Stephen Lang ... Gen. Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
Robert Duvall ... Gen. Robert E. Lee
Mira Sorvino ... Fanny Chamberlain
Kali Rocha ... Anna Morrison Jackson
A Warner Bros. release of a Ted Turner Pictures presentation of an Antietam Filmworks production. Producer-director Ronald F. Maxwell. Executive producers Ted Turner, Robert Katz, Robert Rehme, Moctesuma Esparza, Mace Neufeld. Screenplay by Maxwell; based on the book by Jeffrey M. Shaara. Cinematographer Kees Von Oostrum. Editor Corky Ehlers. Music John Frizzell and Randy Edelman. Costumes Richard LaMotte. Production designer Michael Z. Hanan. Art director Gregory Bolton. Set decorator Casey Hallenbeck. Running time: 3 hours, 43 minutes.
In general release.
'Gods and Generals'
The grand war scenes are a high achievement, but the grandiloquent talk brings "Gods" down.
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