President Bush suggested that other world leaders had failed to learn past lessons about Iraqi deception, and Secretary of State Colin L. Powell asserted that United Nations "[weapons] inspections will not work."
France signaled that it might veto any U.N. Security Council resolution calling for military action against Iraq very soon. France urged that the inspections, which began in November, be given more time. Germany, Russia and China also oppose an attack on Iraq and said the inspections must continue.
"This business about more time - how much time do we need to see clearly that he's not disarming?" Bush said of Hussein. "Surely our friends have learned lessons from the past. Surely we have learned how this man deceives and delays."
Bush argued that Hussein continues to ignore demands that he disarm. He also warned again that time was running out, but he gave no indication of when he might decide to launch military action.
On Monday, the U.N. inspectors are to issue their report to the Security Council. But the chief inspectors have indicated they need several more months to complete their work.
With growing signs of unease at home and abroad about a war against Iraq, the Bush administration is waging a campaign to show that it is running out of options to force Hussein to dismantle his programs for weapons of mass destruction, and that war looks increasingly likely.
"The danger is that people will just allow the process to drag on, and there will be no resolution," Powell said in an interview yesterday with several newspapers, including The Sun. "They have had a lot of time."
"The question isn't, 'How much longer do you need for inspections to work?'" the secretary of state said. "Inspections will not work. It's the skepticism that we've had all along."
His comments marked a personal shift for Powell, who, among top administration officials, had shown the most support for inspections. "What Iraq has to do is come clean - stop it," he said. "Stop the nonsense, stop the cheat-and-retreat, stop trying to figure out where the inspectors are going tomorrow morning, stop frustrating the [aerial] reconnaissance that we're trying to use."
"I did not know that Mr. de Villepin would go out and let his press conference get totally devoted to [Iraq]," Powell said, adding that it "overwhelmed" a foreign ministers' conference on terrorism at the United Nations.
"It might have been better for the French to have not focused [the ministers' conference] that way," he said, adding that he had a "candid and honest and forthright exchange of views" by phone yesterday with his French counterpart.
In a continuing buildup of forces in the Persian Gulf, the Pentagon disclosed this week that the Army was sending its most modern combat division, the 4th Infantry Division, to the region, equipped with tanks, attack helicopters and artillery to confront enemy armored forces. The division heads a group of 37,000 soldiers ordered to reposition in the gulf region.
The Navy is dispatching an additional two aircraft carriers to the region - which are to arrive by early next month - to join two others now within striking distance of Iraq.
Administration officials portrayed Iraq yesterday as skilled in deception and suggested that other countries were ready to accept Baghdad's statements at face value to duck the conclusion that Iraq would never comply. Ari Fleischer, Bush's spokesman, spoke of the need to "put the spine into the United Nations and the rest of the international community."
The White House issued a 32-page paper titled "Apparatus of Lies" to describe a variety of Iraqi propaganda techniques used to persuade its own people and the world that it is a victim.
The document said that Iraq's pattern of deceit continued with last week's disclosure that 16 empty chemical warheads had been unearthed by inspectors, and with the "ongoing intimidation of Iraqi scientists through the regime's shifting position on private interviews with U.N. inspectors."