The House unanimously passed a widely popular gun safety measure yesterday that aims to close loopholes in the federal system that screens prospective gun buyers.
That idea, which sharply divides Democrats and Republicans, is unlikely to achieve the consensus it needs to advance in Congress this year.
Bush's spokesman said the president is concerned about the "accuracy and reliability" of a national ballistic fingerprinting system. Such a system would create a database to track guns using the unique markings left on bullet casings by the grooves and heat inside the gun barrels.
"These are the acts of a depraved killer, who has broken and will continue to break laws," said Ari Fleischer, Bush's spokesman. "And so the question is not new laws. The question is the actions here represent the values in our society."
The contrast between the bipartisan House vote and the sharp opposition of many in Washington to the fingerprint system reflects the delicate line that political leaders are walking on the gun control issue.
With a serial sniper roaming the area, and with three weeks till the elections that will determine control of the House and Senate, lawmakers are eager to show they are acting decisively to prevent gun crimes. But they are reluctant to get caught up in a divisive debate on an issue that could sway voters this close to an election, or of appearing to politicize a terrifying threat.
So it was that House Republican leaders moved quickly last week to schedule action on the bill passed yesterday. It would give states incentives to provide better information to federal authorities for background checks of gun buyers.
The bill is backed by the National Rifle Association and gun control groups.
House Republican leaders hoped the action might strengthen the electoral fortunes of Rep. Constance A. Morella, the Montgomery County Republican and gun control advocate who is one of her party's most vulnerable incumbents. Morella, an original co-sponsor of the bill, requested quick action on it.
"I'm not politicizing it, but the leadership really came through for me," Morella said in an interview. Asked whether she thought election-season pressure had improved the measure's prospects, she said, "I think it helped."
The measure gave House members, who are up for re-election Nov. 5, the chance to vote "yes" on a gun-control bill. Another is Rep. Robert L. Ehrlich Jr., the Maryland Republican who is locked in a fierce gubernatorial race against Lt. Gov. Kathleen Kennedy Townsend, in which his voting record on gun control has become an issue.
Ehrlich, who signed onto the bill as a co-sponsor Sept. 9, "sees this as a great way to toughen background checks, which he's always supported, and an opportunity to strengthen and expand a proven gun-crime deterrent," said his spokesman, Henry Fawell.
Townsend has criticized Ehrlich's gun control record, which includes a 1996 vote to lift a ban on assault weapons; her campaign recently aired a television ad against him depicting one.
Ehrlich has responded with charges that Townsend is inappropriately trying to exploit the sniper shootings for political gain.
In comments to CNN yesterday, Townsend brushed off that criticism, saying, "It's very important that people know the difference between my position and my opponent's.
"I have suffered more than most from gun violence," said Townsend, whose father, Robert F. Kennedy, was assassinated by a gunman.
The background check legislation, which Senate aides say might also pass that chamber in short order, would authorize $350 million for grants to states that automate and share with federal authorities records that could disqualify people from owning guns. Those include a history of serious mental illness, a felony conviction or a pending felony indictment.