Malcolm X

Once a slave, he earned the Medal of Honor. Now, a Maryland museum is giving him his due

Once a slave, he earned the Medal of Honor. Now, a Maryland museum is giving him his due

When Augustus Walley was born in 1856, the United States considered him property.

A quarter-century later, he risked his life in service to that same nation. On a hot August day in 1881, Private Walley’s bravery and selflessness in battle kept one of his fellow soldiers alive, an act for which he would be granted the United States’ highest military honor.

As one of the fabled Buffalo Soldiers, members of all-black regiments formed in the years after the Civil War, the Maryland-born Walley was part of a segregated Army. Though they fought in the same battles as their white counterparts, their options were limited, their status unequal, their advancement hard-won. They...

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