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Clara Barton
Civil War sites in Maryland
Civil War sites in Maryland

While the first shots of the Civil War were fired on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor in South Carolina, the first blood spilled in fighting occurred in Baltimore on April 19, 1861, when a mob of Southern sympathizers clashed with Massachusetts soldiers who'd debarked from a train on their way to Washington. Eight rioters, one bystander and three soldiers were killed, while dozens were wounded. Situated as it was on the border between North and South, Maryland is home to Civil War sites large and small, from the sweeping landscape of the Antietam Battlefield National Park in Sharpsburg, where 23,000 men were killed, wounded or went missing in the bloodiest single day in US history,...

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