By John Steadman
September 1, 1996
The Colts were revered and personalized. They gained an identity and popularity that set them apart. Parents offered the supreme compliment by naming new-born infants after the players. One child was called Colt Taylor -- which meant he represented the whole team.
Individual fans sometimes took on special status, such as Willie "The Rooter" Andrews, Hurst "Loudy" Loudenslager and Leonard "Big Wheel" Burrier. They were among the notable spectators, a notch above all the rest because they became synonymous with the Colts and gained a measure of celebrity from other faces in the crowd.
The Colts didn't always win championships but were exciting and provided Baltimore an investment in pride it desperately needed because the city previously had been regarded as a quiet little whistle stop between Washington and Philadelphia. The band played, the cheerleaders endeavored to get one side of the stadium to holler louder than the other and a live colt mascot sprinted around the field after every score. Having Colts spirit was known as being "Coltafide."
Once the Colts pounded the Los Angeles Rams, 56-21, and a weary linebacker named Les Richter said, "That horse was off and running so often I thought I was at Santa Anita." The Baltimore football experience was like no other, except in Green Bay, where the priests on Sunday were known to ask the congregation to join them in prayer -- for the Packers.
"I knew this was one great football city," said Art Donovan, "when after the team lost 18 games in a row [including preseason] that we finally won one in 1950 and a fullback named Jim Spavital was carried off the field. You woulda thought we had won the war or something."
The Colts were a sorry lot in their early years. In their late ones, too. They started in 1947, bankrolled by a group of Washington businessmen headed by a boyish Bob Rodenberg, the majority owner, who always believed in having a good time, and concluded their life span in 1984 amid the antics of Bob Irsay.
But in between they had a lineup of talented personnel and two that especially belonged to the Colts, the aptly named "Racehorse" Davis and the "Horse" Ameche. The Colts were the first team to have organized cheerleaders, long before the Dallas Cowboys were ever heard of, and the third club to wear its logo on the helmet.
Of more importance, they became the pioneer in breaking down the walls of racial bias and allowing blacks to play in Baltimore, at that time considered a city with stern Southern traditions. The first to eradicate the color line was an end, Art Fletcher, in 1950, and then in 1953, Buddy Young was the first black in the NFL to have a white roommate, Zollie Toth. He thought so much of Toth he named a son after him -- the epitome of respect.
The Colts were a unifying force for Baltimore in many ways. Something to cling to on Sunday afternoons. Churches and synagogues didn't dare schedule a social activity, such as a club meeting or an oyster roast, without consulting the Colts' home schedule. A conflict with a game was tantamount to having an empty hall.
"I don't know if Baltimore will ever again capture the wild enthusiasm our teams enjoyed," said John Unitas. "The important thing is for the fans now to enjoy themselves. The NFL damaged Baltimore when it let the Colts go to Indianapolis. I remember when I was a rookie and came to Baltimore to play in the 1956 intrasquad game. There were 48,000 in the stands. I couldn't believe it."
Unitas lent much to the Colts' persona, a kid rejected by his hometown team, the Pittsburgh Steelers, who was signed to a $7,000 contract (no bonus) in Baltimore, and when he got the opportunity proved he had enormous ability. America quickly became interested in Unitas and what he represented -- a little-known player who wouldn't take no for an answer because all he wanted was a chance to show what he could do.
And then there was this unusual end named Raymond Berry, the son of a high school football coach in Paris, Texas, who had one leg shorter than the other, wore a corset for an ailing back, had sunglasses attached to his helmet and squeezed Silly Putty to strengthen his hands for pass catching. Of more significance was the type man he was -- humble, sincere and a leader by the goodness of his example.
When the Cambridge riots erupted in 1964 and the Maryland National Guard had to go in on a stand-by basis to control the trouble, it was a decision by Gen. Hugh Gelston to name Berry as liaison between the white and black communities. He spent the entire off-season there, monitoring the situation, but wouldn't accept any pay for fulfilling the responsibility.
"If they were going to pay me, then I wasn't interested," he said. "I wanted to do something I felt was pleasing to God, and getting a salary wasn't what I had in mind. My role was to try to create understanding between those involved in controversy among the blacks and whites. It was no big deal from my standpoint, which is why I never liked to talk about it."
The Colts were a dedicated group. They qualified 12 of their alumni for enshrinement in the Pro Football Hall of Fame, an illustrious list that includes Donovan, Unitas, Berry, Jim Parker, Lenny Moore, Gino Marchetti, John Mackey, Ted Hendricks, Y. A. Tittle, Joe Perry, George Blanda and coach Wilbur "Weeb" Ewbank. And then there's Don Shula, who will be the next ex-Colt bound for the Hall of Fame.
The players built their own popularity in a community that embraced them and became your good neighbor. "Playing for the Colts was something special," Moore said. "We were good for the city and the city was good for us. But I have always believed that it was difficult for the players who followed our championship teams. It was unfair to compare them to what we had accomplished. In the mid-1970s, with players like Lydell Mitchell, Bert Jones and Joe Ehrmann, the team was outstanding but didn't get the credit it deserved."
There was the invariable reference to 1958, a momentous year in Baltimore, when the Colts won the first sudden-death championship the NFL ever played. It was an occasion that brought wide attention to pro football, yes, but, by no means, can it be acclaimed as the game that "made" the NFL. The league was making progress before that gray, historic afternoon at Yankee Stadium, so it's unrealistic to attribute league-wide success to what the Colts achieved in beating the Giants.
"I can tell you that some of the great moments of my young life were enjoyed in Baltimore," said Eddie King. "I knew Baltimore was headed for outstanding achievements because of the spirit of the city and I went there often to see the Colts play after I got involved in other things." Ex-Colt King, of course, became governor of Massachusetts, the only player the NFL ever produced to gain so high an office. Another former Colt, Jack Mildren, ran for governor of Oklahoma but came up short in the popular vote. So Colts players have made their marks in high-profile endeavors. Football wasn't a dead-end street.
"The game now is more sophisticated," said Jim Mutscheller. "Had it not been for the Colts I never would have gotten to Baltimore. My home was Beaver Falls, Pa., and I married Pert Ederer from La Jolla, Calif. When we came here in 1955, we had no idea we would find Baltimore so hospitable and such an enjoyable place to live."
For another perspective of how it was to be a Colt in Baltimore, Ordell Braase explains, "The city was a positive place to be. The NFL was making strides, gaining attention, and we were an important part of it. My sons went to games and now they want their own children to experience the same enthusiasm."
World championships came to Baltimore in 1958 and 1959, the only title game played in Memorial Stadium, and a Super Bowl in 1971. From the aspect of making an impact, the 1969 loss to the New York Jets in Super Bowl III, after the Colts were installed as a 16 1/2 -point favorite, is looked upon as one of the most extraordinary upsets in the 77-year history of the NFL.
So, even in disappointing defeat, the Colts of Baltimore left a mark. They were on the losing side in a game that elevated the Super Bowl, when it was struggling to be accepted, to a position of sudden -- and then lasting -- importance.
Apart from the wins and losses, they enjoyed a relationship with a city that few teams ever fostered. They'll be remembered with fondness -- not only for the talent exhibited but more so for the kind of men they were and what they gave to a community that made the Baltimore Colts more than just another football team playing for a paycheck.
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