No one gets to take the Woodlawn Vase home anymore.

Jeanne Murray Vanderbilt made sure of that in 1953 after her husband's horse, Native Dancer, won the Preakness by a neck. She was not going to be responsible for the three-foot-tall, 30 pound solid sterling silver trophy the winning owner was entitled to keep until the next year's race.

So she gave it back.

The next year — and for the 56 years since — owners have been getting a one-third replica of the original, which sits gleaming in a case at the Baltimore Museum of Art.

The perpetual trophy, appraised at more than $1 million, will have its coming out party on Saturday, escorted to its place of honor in the winner's circle by white-gloved members of Maryland's National Guard.

It doesn't take much to get it ready.

"We do as little as possible," says David Curry, a BMA senior curator. "And we don't use Brillo."

That minimalist approach and the museum's tender loving care has probably saved the 151-year-old Woodlawn Vase from the indignities suffered by other trophies. Hockey's Stanley Cup has been dropped in a celebratory bonfire, kicked into a canal and abandoned along a roadside. America's Cup, the oldest trophy in international sports and yachting's most coveted prize, was demolished by a sledgehammer in 1997. And this year, soccer's Copa del Rey trophy was dropped and crushed by a bus.

"We pray," replies Curry, when asked what the museum does when the Woodlawn Vase is beyond the museum walls. "It's very fragile. It has to handled with great care."

That's why the replicas have been a godsend.

Like the vase itself, the Woodlawn replica has a history, too. And like the race itself, it belongs to Baltimore.

The job of turning more than 12 pounds of silver into the foot-tall trophy belongs to Jim Stieff, 59, whose family began making silverware and decorative pieces at Liberty and West Fayette streets in 1892.

The Stieff name became known in both the sports world — the company made trophies for tennis, horse racing and yachting — and high society with its work at the White House and Colonial Williamsburg.

Despite the fact that the company was swallowed up more than once by larger corporations before finally being abandoned, Stieff never relinquished his grip on the molds used to make the Woodlawn replica. When he finally struck out on his own about six years ago, he took everything to Michael Izrael, a Russian immigrant with a doctorate in physics and chemistry and a love of silversmithing.

Izrael devised a new set of molds to take advantage of a proprietary casting process that creates a better replica.

"It's a lot of parts," says Izrael from his Queens, N.Y., shop. "Fourteen large parts and 36 little parts. It's like a Christmas tree and ornaments."

Soldering takes time and patience.

"When it's small it's always complicated. You need a magnifying glass to work or you make it ugly. Any small mistake on the nose or ear — agggh. It's not easy," says Izrael.

Then comes assembly and buffing and polishing. Three months after he starts, Izrael calls Stieff to make the delivery to Pimlico.