Three generations weigh in on the meaning of Title IX
Education amendments that helped level the playing field for women's sports turn 40
Three generations of women (from left) Alison Hankins, former Severna Park field hockey player, her grandmother Lil Shelton, longtime Severna Park coach, and Shelton's daughter Lorie Hankins, former Severna Park softball player, had their lives affected by Title IX. (Steve Ruark, Photo for The Baltimore Sun / June 23, 2012)
Oh, the memories.
"All three of the school's girls teams wore those same uniforms back then. They just passed [the outfits] around, from season to season, from volleyball to basketball to softball," Shelton said. "They were heavy, one-piece cotton uniforms, with zippers up the back and navy-blue mandarin [stand-up] collars. And shorts! Can you imagine those girls sliding into second base, in shorts?"
Clearly, the time was ripe for change.
Gender equity legislation reformed high school and college athletics 40 years ago Saturday, with the passage of Title IX of the Education Amendments Act of 1972. And while pioneers such as Shelton applaud the long-term effects of the landmark bill, which triggered the boom in girls' participation in high school sports from 300,000 to 3 million plus, she acknowledged that change didn't happen overnight. Or in a month. Or a year.
"Oh, no," said Shelton, who retired this year after 39 years at Severna Park — the last 37 as field hockey coach. "We [girls] do have a lot more than we had, but ... has it equaled out yet?"
For years, she and other female coaches wrestled with school and county officials to adhere to Title IX. Facilities were a sore point.
"There was nowhere for the girls to play softball, so the seniors drove their cars, filled with our equipment, to the Cypress Creek rec area, a mile from school," Shelton said. "That's where we practiced and played."
That venue was better than some, she said.
"The softball field at Annapolis had a big ditch between second and third base that the girls had to jump over. I was afraid that they'd hurt their ankles."
Three years after the passage of Title IX, progress remained agonizingly slow. Male mindsets played catch-up, at best.
"When I started the hockey program in 1975 (the first of its kind in Anne Arundel County), the boys soccer and football teams took up most of the fields," Shelton said. "So we practiced on the front lawn of the school, where the flagpoles are. The field was cut short by a magnolia tree at one end. And when the balls bounced into Robinson Road, I had to go out there, hold up my hand and stop traffic."
Shelton's hockey teams went on to win 20 state and 29 county titles. Her record? 546 victories, 60 losses and 10 ties. She coached her daughter, Lorie Hankins, in softball at Severna Park, and her granddaughter, Alison Hankins, in hockey.
To that end, The Baltimore Sun asked the women — three generations of athletes from one family — to share their thoughts on the impact that the legislation has had on them.
"In the fall of 1973, I was hired to be the [only] girls physical education teacher at Severna Park High School. It was a thrill to have my own classes, and we began to assemble equipment and space to work in. We were assigned to a small back area, called the girls gym, as the boys classes met in the main gym. As time went by, the girls became anxious to be involved in varsity sports like volleyball, basketball and softball.
"Title IX had just been implemented in 1972, so we thought we could expand our program to involve all our girls. We had begun field hockey in PE class, and with so much enthusiasm over it, we added that in the fall of 1975 to our varsity program. We were the only school in Anne Arundel County with field hockey, but the following fall, other teams were added.
"The girls sports program began to develop, but outdoor space was a big problem, as the boys' football and soccer required much of the fields. Still, we had much enthusiasm and dedication and later added lacrosse and soccer.
Title IX was the catalyst to get things started, but the coaches at the schools provided the major push to get the girls the county and state championship banners that adorn the gym walls in schools all over the county."