After his pig farming dalliance, Mr. MacPhail served in the Navy during World War II, sailing to the Pacific theater just as fighting drew to a close. He returned to the career in baseball he had long desired.
As Yankees farm director from 1949 to 1958, Mr. MacPhail helped provide the players for the greatest sustained run of excellence in major league history. He played a sort of good cop in contrast to his notoriously stingy boss, general manager George Weiss. From 1949 to 1964, the Yankees won nine World Series and appeared in five others.
Mr. MacPhail was especially proud to have played a part in signing his favorite player, the great centerfielder Mickey Mantle.
"I was pleased to see him elected to the Hall of Fame because he was so talented at building winners," said Yankees great Whitey Ford in a statement released by the Hall of Fame. "As farm director, he was integral in maintaining the Yankees' championship run."
Mr. MacPhail later became general manager of the Yankees from 1967 to 1973, leaving to escape the tempest of George Steinbrenner's ownership.
Outside of the game, he loved classical music and American history, even penning an unpublished manuscript about the Revolutionary War.
In addition to Andy MacPhail, he is survived by his sons Allen MacPhail of Scarsdale, N.Y., and Bruce MacPhail of Asheville, N.C.
No services are planned at this time, though the Hall of Fame said a memorial will be held on a date to be announced.
The MacPhail family has asked that in lieu of flowers, donations be made to the Hall of Fame in Lee MacPhail's memory.