First year: 1969 Established status: Species are present but not confirmed to be breeding. Population persists only with repeated introductions and/or escapes of individuals. Estimated Florida range: 8 counties At least 10 years, 1 county Less than 10 years, 10 counties Not reported breeding Statewide trend: Unknown status Threats to natives: Members of the parrot family carry Newcastle disease, identified in 1971, which can infect native songbirds, game birds, domestic chickens and turkeys, and other exotic bird species. The native bird species can be infected by smuggled exotic birds and birds not properly quarantined that are released into the wild. Species Account: This parakeet is native to Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina. It now occurs in or has occurred in at least 14 Florida counties (Loftin et al. 1991, BBA data), where it is found in both developed areas and native pinelands (M. Wheeler and B. Pranty, personal communications). In Florida, they have been observed feeding on palm fruits and pine seeds, and they nest in tree cavities. This is probably the next exotic bird species that will become widely established in Florida (B. Pranty, personal communication).
Rolando Otero, Sun Sentinel