Summer Sale Extended! Get unlimited digital access for 13 weeks for $13.
News Opinion Op-Eds

Fracking: Don't let fear hold us back

Maryland's 7.2 percent unemployment rate is below the national average but still too high. Families need help. Aging roads, sewer systems and other infrastructure need repair. Revenue projections for 2012 and beyond will not cover these programs, along with education, health care and public employee pensions, the Maryland Budget and Tax Policy Institute cautions. Budget shortfalls next year could reach $700 million or more, the institute warns. Many of our cities and counties likewise face mounting debt.

Faced with unpalatable reductions in programs and growing opposition to tax increases, the Free State clearly needs reliable new revenue sources. One source could be natural gas from the Marcellus shale formation that extends beneath Western Maryland and four neighboring states. Pennsylvania has been the first state to tap into the hidden resource, and the results have been impressive.

The Pennsylvania Department of Revenue reports that Marcellus gas production created 72,000 Pennsylvania jobs between October 2009 and March 2011. Those activities generated more than $1.4 billion in state tax revenues since 2006; by 2020 they could generate $20 billion more.

By 2020, gas production from the formation could support 256,000 jobs across the five states, at an average annual salary of $73,000 – well above the national average – energy experts say. Abundant new natural gas supplies from other U.S. shale deposits have helped cut the price of natural gas in half, to below $4 per thousand cubic feet. This has made it more affordable for home heating, electricity generation, petrochemical feed stocks, and backing up unreliable wind and solar installations. A recent analysis found that Pennsylvanians saved $633 million in utility bills since 2006, thanks to these expanded supplies.

Maryland could also be harnessing Marcellus gas to boost its economy, job growth, and state and county revenues. Thousands of able-bodied workers would prefer employment at good salaries over welfare, unemployment and food stamps.

Drilling and production could also help thousands of small businesses that would provide goods, equipment and services to drilling, pipeline and related companies. In Maryland, 19 percent of these businesses are owned by African Americans — still more by other minorities.

And yet there is strong opposition to harnessing these resources, primarily because doing so involves a controversial process called hydraulic fracturing (HF or "fracking").

Fracking has been used in more than a million U.S. wells during the past 60 years. It employs high-pressure fluids to create tiny fissures in impermeable, hydrocarbon-rich rock formations, allowing companies to tap their energy. But over the past few years, HF has been combined with horizontal drilling and other techniques, so that many wells can be drilled from one site, reaching multiple formations up to several miles away and unlocking huge supplies of previously unavailable natural gas.

But certain groups are using fear tactics to delay or stop fracking. They claim it is not federally regulated. They say it "could" contaminate groundwater and drinking water. They suggest it is incompatible with efforts to improve the Chesapeake Bay's health.

In reality, hydraulic fracturing is regulated under state and federal laws, as well as industry guidelines. A 2009 Ground Water Protection Council review concluded that enacting additional federal regulations "would be costly to the states, duplicative of state regulations, and ultimately ineffective because such regulations would be too far from the field of operations." U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Lisa Jackson has said there is no recorded incident in which fracking contaminated a drinking water well. This shouldn't be surprising.

Shale gas formations are typically thousands of feet below groundwater supplies, with layers of shale, limestone and other impermeable rock in between. The first several hundred feet of each well has special steel "casing" cemented in place to protect water supplies; the actual drill hole and pipe goes through this casing. In addition, the fluids used in fracturing are 99.5 percent water and sand.

The other 0.5% is mostly weak salts and acids, vegetable or other oils, guar gum and other chemicals, many of which are found in foods and common household products. However, we still should know what is in specific fracking fluids and must ensure that they are handled, recycled and disposed of properly.

Faced with environmentalist pressure and public concerns, Gov. Martin O'Malley signed an executive order to study fracking. His decision is understandable.

However, he should ensure that the study is completed in a timely manner; is based on facts, not protests and unsubstantiated fears; and does not result in unnecessary over-regulation. A proper review would also take advantage of the studies, laws, regulatory frameworks and hands-on experience in Pennsylvania, North Dakota, Texas and other states that have used fracking for years.

It would also recognize that hydraulic fracturing is essential for producing most natural gas (and all these benefits), just as we need to mine the coal that generates more than half of Maryland's electricity. In fact, every energy option (including wind and solar) requires mining and fossil fuels — and affects wildlife habitats and environmental quality. We need to be wise stewards of the Earth God gave us, in everything we do.

Responsibly developing this vital, God-given shale gas resource would put thousands of Marylanders back to work, improve people's living standards, generate billions of dollars in government revenues, help to balance county and state budgets and produce more American energy for all Americans.

Bishop Harry Jackson Jr. of Beltsville is chairman of the High Impact Leadership Coalition and co-chair of the Affordable Power Alliance ( His email is

Copyright © 2015, The Baltimore Sun
Related Content
  • On fracking, O'Malley betrays his supposed principles

    On fracking, O'Malley betrays his supposed principles

    Wenonah Hauter's Dec. 3 op-ed, "There is no safe fracking, Mr. O'Malley," was exactly the kind of criticism that the O'Malley administration, and their self-proclaimed commitment to "protecting our environment" deserves. Opening Maryland to fracking undermines any goal the O'Malley administration...

  • The frackers are coming, the frackers are coming!

    The frackers are coming, the frackers are coming!

    History, myth, and legend informs those of us in the United States that on a chilly night in 1775 a relative of mine mounted his horse, and as loudly as he could, rode through the streets of Boston proclaiming that an invading fleet was entering the harbor aiming to muzzle and arrest any acts of...

  • Fracking will boost Maryland's economy

    Fracking will boost Maryland's economy

    Wenonah Hauter's recent op-ed on the dangers of fracking in Maryland missed the mark completely ("There is no safe fracking, Mr. O'Malley," Dec. 3).

  • Garrett benefits from vacationers

    Garrett benefits from vacationers

    A recent article by reporter Tim Wheeler about the issue of natural gas development in Garrett County contains a statement from a local Chamber of Commerce board member and farmer who has been a fairly vocal advocate for natural gas development ("Fracking debate intensifies in Western Maryland,"...

  • Sierra Club opposes fracking plan

    Sierra Club opposes fracking plan

    A recent article reported that the Sierra Club "praised the administration's conclusions" regarding opening the state to fracking ("O'Malley administration sets out path to fracking in Md.," Nov. 25).

  • Western Md. faces fracking threat

    Western Md. faces fracking threat

    The recent article about fracking in Western Maryland seemed to me to raise more arguments for not drilling for natural gas in Garrett County than for it ("Fracking debate intensifies in Western Maryland, those benefits would be relatively short-term since "Western Maryland's gas reserves are limited."

  • Fracking in W. Maryland is not a done deal

    Fracking in W. Maryland is not a done deal

    I am sending this letter out as a mother, as a small farmer, as a Garrett County property owner and tax payer, and as a member of a community that I care deeply about.

  • Thank God Hogan wasn't in charge of the fracking report

    Thank God Hogan wasn't in charge of the fracking report

    Maryland's recent report on fracking safely is an example of smart governing ("O'Malley administration sets out path to fracking in Md.," Nov. 25). In July 2011, Gov. Martin O'Malley ordered a commission to be formed by the Maryland Department of the Environment and the Department of Natural Resources....