Tana Hicken, a Baltimore actress and teacher who deftly portrayed a wide variety of characters on stage during a professional career that spanned more than four decades, died Aug. 17 at her home in Sparks of myositis, an autoimmune disorder. She was 70.
"I think she was the finest stage actress I've ever witnessed in my life. She was just riveting," said Vince Lancisi, founder of Everyman Theatre, who first saw Ms. Hicken at Washington's Arena Stage when he was a student at the Catholic University of America.
"She could light up the stage like no one else. She could raise the words off the page, and it was momentous and audiences were always deeply moved," he said. "For Tana, every moment had to be perfect."
"She was a singular artist who made a profound impact in Washington, where she was universally admired and not in a slavish or starry way," said Joy Zinoman, founder and artistic director of the Studio Theater in Washington, where she directed Ms. Hicken in her final play, "4,000 Miles," last year.
"She was the kind of actress who drew you to the light and made you think afterward. That is what we do," Ms. Zinoman said.
"She was a citizen of the world, and not insular. She had very high standards and work ethic that made the work worthwhile for all of those who worked with her," Ms. Zinoman said. "I really do think it was the standards that she set of how you behave as a public person, as an artist, and what your values are."
The daughter of Philip Hicken, an artist, and Evangeline Hicken, a homemaker, Tana Hicken was born on a Gallisten, Ala., base where her father was serving in the Army.
After World War II, the family returned to Watertown, Mass. During her years at Watertown High School, Ms. Hicken nursed an ambition to become an actress.
As a high school student, she was a shy teenager who "got very brave and tried out for a play," she told The Baltimore Sun in a 1995 interview. "I started to speak and everyone listened. It didn't take me long to figure out the power of concentration; that if I concentrated, people listened."
After graduating in 1962 from Watertown High, she earned a bachelor's degree in drama in 1967 from Antioch College in Yellow Springs, Ohio.
While she was in college, Ms. Hicken was a member of a street theater group that performed in Cleveland.
Her professional career began in 1967 as a last-minute substitute at Arena Stage, where she had only three days to prepare for two roles.
In 1968, while appearing in "The Great White Hope" at the theater, Ms. Hicken, a political activist, was out distributing leaflets against the Vietnam War when riots swept the city. The actress and other members of the company were forced to hole up in the theater.
Ms. Hicken spent time in various roles at theaters in Cincinnati and Indianapolis, and spent a season at the Hartford Stage Company. This was followed by a season at the Milwaukee Repertory Theater before she returned to Hartford, where she met her future husband, Donald Bell, who was in charge of props.
In 1972, the couple married, and when her husband joined Actors Equity, there already was a "Donald Bell," so he took Donald Hicken as his professional name.
They moved to a carriage house in Bolton Hill in 1975, when Mr. Hicken was hired to direct Center Stage's Young People's Theater Program. Ms. Hicken taught acting students in Baltimore during her time at Center Stage.
Ms. Hicken's memorable performance at Center Stage in 1985 as Hedda Gabler in Henrik Ibsen's play brought her critical acclaim.
"Hicken doesn't camp," wrote Evening Sun critic Louis Cedrone. "She simply plays Gabler as a coquettish witch, and it is she who carries this production."
It was "Hedda Gabler" that brought her once again to the attention of Arena Stage.
When plans to establish a resident company at Center Stage failed, Ms. Hicken was invited to join the resident company in the mid-1980s at Arena Stage and performed there until the company was disbanded in 1998.