Eventually, he was able to bring his parents from Lvov, hiding his father in a shack in the courtyard of the apartment building where Dr. Taler lived. "He walked into a room and never left for two years," he told The Sun in a 2006 interview, while his mother lived in a neighboring town until the end of the war under an assumed name.

Even dressed in his railroad worker's uniform, Dr. Taler took further steps to insure his new identity.

"I always had some coal smudge to my face," he said in the interview. "Like being an actor on stage for two years. You must have makeup for the role you play."

After the Nazis left Poland, he attended medical school in eastern Poland, reaching parts of Germany that were occupied by the U.S.

With the end of the war in 1945, he resumed his medical studies at the University of Marburg, from which he graduated in 1950.

In 1948, he married Bronislawa "Bronka" Frenkiel, who had also survived the Holocaust with forged papers, and two years later, they emigrated to America.

Helped by the Hebrew Immigration Aid Society, they arrived in Baltimore, where they settled into a home near Patterson Park; they later moved to Harundale.

Dr. Taler worked for four years at the old Sinai Hospital at Broadway and Monument Street in East Baltimore, and after receiving his medical license, established his family practice above Gitomer's Pharmacy in Glen Burnie.

After North Arundel General Hospital — now Baltimore-Washington Medical Center — was built in 1965, Dr. Taler moved his practice to Aquahart Road, where he continued working until retiring in 1992.

He lived until his death in a home in Annapolis overlooking the Severn River, where in addition to his book on the Holocaust, he wrote a second memoir, "Polish Indians and Short Stories."

He continued to lecture widely on the Holocaust, including at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington.

Dr. Taler was also a member of the National Katyn Memorial Project that resulted in the Katyn Memorial at Aliceanna and President streets, which commemorates the 15,400 Polish Army officers who were killed by Soviet security forces and whose bodies were found in a mass grave in the Katyn Forest.

"My feeling of gratitude for all those who fought and resisted the Nazis and their allies has always been an integral part of my thinking about the Holocaust," Dr. Taler wrote in "In Search of Heroes."

"This was the story of lives of women, men and children, lives which have been nourished and then turned around in a most cruel way," he wrote.

"The stories of people of great love and courage and of people full of hate. The stories of individuals of fine character, tested in the cataclysm of merciless war. But most of all the stories of survival and the ingenuity in which oftentimes luck played the decisive role," wrote Dr. Taler.

He was a founding member of Temple Beth Shalom, 1461 Baltimore-Annapolis Blvd., Arnold, where services will be held at noon Wednesday.

In addition to his wife, Dr. Taler is survived by a son, Dr. George E. Taler of Guilford; a daughter, Gustava E. "Gusty" Taler of Guilford; two grandsons; and a great-grandson.

fred.rasmussen@baltsun.com