Dean Pappas, anti-war and civil rights activist who helped plan the 1968 Catonsville Nine raid

Dean Pappas, an antiwar and civil rights activist and teacher who assisted in the planning for the 1968 Catonsville Nine draft board raid, died Saturday of pancreatic cancer at his Mount Washington home. He was 78.

“”When I came to Baltimore in 1967 to join the antiwar movement, Dean was one of the first people I met,” said Brendan Walsh, a former seminarian and co-founder of Viva House with his wife, former nun Willa Bickham.

“He believed the Vietnam War had to be resisted and he was a great teacher, and for me, was a key person in the antiwar movement,” Mr. Walsh said. “He had a great mind and a great way of relating to you.”

“Dean was absolutely one of a kind, who taught physics but also taught life,” said Tom Buck, an English teacher and Friends School colleague. “He was very political, and politics were very important to him. He was a movement kind of guy.”

The son of Mitchell Pappas, an office worker, and Christine Pappas, a bookkeeper, Constantine Pappas was born in New York City and raised in Queens, N.Y.

Mr. Pappas, who was known as Dean or Dino, and never used his birth name, was a 1957 graduate of Jamaica High School.

After earning a bachelor’s degree in physics in 1961 from Yale University, he moved to Baltimore, where he enrolled at the Johns Hopkins University and obtained a master’s degree in physics.

Mr. Pappas abandoned the pursuit of a doctorate in physics at Hopkins to focus full-time on the civil rights movement, fair-housing issues, and working against the military junta that ruled Greece from 1967 to 1974.

He taught physics at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, the Park School, and part-time at Coppin State University and the University of Maryland Eastern Shore before joining the Friends School faculty in 1988.

An adjunct at the Maryland Institute College of Art, he also exhibited his sculptures in faculty exhibits.

Mr. Pappas became a leader in the Baltimore antiwar movement during the Vietnam era and founded the Baltimore Defense Committee and Teachers Against the War in Vietnam.

“The 1967 march on the Pentagon was the first mass civil disobedience the antiwar movement engaged in,” Mr. Pappas told The Baltimore Sun in a 1987 interview. “For a lot of us, it was our first taste of tear gas.

“In Baltimore, there wasn’t much of a student movement against the war. The main antiwar activity came out of the religious community led by such as Philip Berrigan,” he said.

A highlight of Mr.Pappas’ antiwar activities was helping to plan the raid May 17, 1968, to destroy the files of Selective Service Local Board No. 33 in Catonsville. The raid was carried out by nine men and women, including the Rev. Daniel Berrigan and his brother, Phillip, a Josephite priest.

“Dean made the napalm that was poured on the draft files,” Mr. Walsh said.

“I got the press there, the Berrigans asked me to do that,” recalled Grenville B. Whitman, an activist who at the time represented the Peace & Freedom News.

“He was also highly involved in the leading the demonstrations as a result of the Catonsville Nine activities. We worked closely on that,” said Mr. Whitman, a former Charles Village resident who now lives in Rock Hall on the Eastern Shore.

“He organized consciousness-raising activities in Baltimore once the Catonsville Nine trials started,” said Donna Poggi Keck, an antiwar and women’s movement activist, who lives in Charles Village. “He had people come and speak that were national figures, like the Rev. William Sloane Coffin.”

“There was no special significance to Catonsville,” Mr. Pappas told The Sun in a 2010 interview. “It was just a target of opportunity.”

Two years earlier, he told the newspaper that he had abandoned the tactics of 1968.

“I think that Phil and company [spending] the last 20 years smashing nose cones on missiles and getting thrown in jail was a waste of time,” he said. “I hate to put it that way, but I don’t think it did much to advance the cause.”

“I first met Dean in 1964 when he was teaching, and we got involved in the Poll Tax Project,” said Mr. Whitman. “We got volunteers to go to polling places, and we collected money for SNCC [the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee] and we collected $1,00,0 which was a lot of money. Dean helped me the most in organizing the project.”

“He was very much a leadership person who made a rather striking presence. He was large and blond and had no trouble speaking in front of a crowd. He was very courageous,” Mr. Whitman said.

“His leadership qualities were outstanding and he was such a really nice man,” Ms. Keck said. “He was a person able to argue without belittling his opponent or demonizing them. He reached out and tried to make connections.”

In the late 1970s and continuing into the early 1980s, Mr. Pappas wrote a column, “From the Left,” for the Baltimore City Paper. Subject matter included local, national and international issues, as well as Orioles baseball.

Mr. Pappas later founded the People’s Free Medical Clinic and a coffeehouse and food cooperative in the Waverly area. He was active in the New American Movement and Democratic Socialists of America and worked tirelessly for peace in the Middle East.

“His activism continued on for decades,” Ms. Keck said.

“He was a great keeper of left-wing actions,” Mr. Whitman said,. “After the war was over, we drifted apart, but we remained friends, and he continued to speak out.”

“If you wanted to kill a physics class, just ask Dean about the Catonsville Nine, the Vietnam War or the trade movement; he’d go on for a full 45 minutes,” Mr. Buck said with a laugh. “He was very outspoken, and you just couldn’t help but love him.”

At Friends, Mr. Pappas founded the Chess Club and the Senior Work Project in 1994.

“The Senior Work Project helped seniors counter senior slump,” said Heidi Blalock, Friends School’s communications director and a Hampden resident. “He’d find places for them to go. They would shadow a surgeon or an FBI agent or go to a car repair shop.

“He had a big, bold personality and had so much love and was passionate about his students and his work,” she said. “He lived his values, and because this is a Quaker school, he represented the founder of Quakerism George Fox’s quote, ‘Let your life speak.’ ’’

Mr. Pappas, a former Charles Village resident who later moved to Mount Washington, retired in 2008. In retirement, he became a student in Towson University’s OSHER adult education program and had to cancel teaching his Great Ideas in Science course after being diagnosed with Stage 4 pancreatic cancer in August 2016.

Plans for a memorial service are incomplete.

He is survived by his wife of 34 years, Claudia Leight, a retired Morgan State University counselor; a son, Dr. Alexi Pappas of The Bronx; and a brother, James Pappas of Port Lucie, Fla. An earlier marriage ended in divorce.

fred.rasmussen@baltsun.com

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