It was his fascination with the origins of Southern character in the days before the Civil War that resulted in other books dealing with the subject such as "Yankee Saints and Southern Sinners," "Honor and Violence in the Old South," and "The American People in the Antebellum South."

"Bert earned a high reputation among historians of the United States, and especially of the South, his interests running to the minds, sensibilities, of his subjects — first abolitionists (the Tappan brothers), then slave holders and their distinctive sense of 'honor,' and finally the life work of the remarkable modern-South novelist Walker Percy," said Robert J. Brugger, a Baltimore author and historian who is a regional editor at Johns Hopkins University Press.

Shortly before his death, he had completed the manuscript for "A Warring Nation: Honor, Race, and Humiliation in America's Wars," which is under contract to the University of Virginia Press.

Dr. Wyatt-Brown was held in high regard by his graduate and doctoral students.

"He was the kind of guy graduate students adored. He spent lots of time and energy with them," said Dr. Baker.

"Bert was a good teacher and quite a remarkable man. He focused so much attention and was an effective mentor for his students. In fact, shortly before his death, he was trying to get a job for one of his students," said Luke Marbury, his brother-in-law, who lives in Baltimore.

"I think his affection for people may be the reason he became an historian. Bert was the kind of person if he'd been sent to hell for a week and when he returned, he'd tell you about all of the interesting people he had met," said Mr. Marbury.

Dr. Wyatt-Brown was a member and former president of the Southern Historical Society, which feted him last year at the meeting in Baltimore. He was also a member of the American Historical Association, Organization of American Historians, the Western Reserve Historical Association and the 14 W. Hamilton Street Club.

Dr. Wyatt-Brown, who had lived for the last two years at Roland Park Place, enjoyed travel, reading, and singing in church choirs.

He was a communicant of the Episcopal Cathedral of the Incarnation, St. Paul Street and University Parkway, where funeral services will be held at 10:30 a.m. Friday.

In addition to his wife, Dr. Wyatt-Brown is survived by a daughter, Natalie Ingraham Wyatt-Brown of St. Paul, Minn.; and two grandchildren. Another daughter, Laura Matthews Wyatt-Brown, died in 1971.