Gov. Martin O'Malley unveiled legislation Tuesday night that would expand gambling in Maryland, limit the influence of gambling interests in state politics and extend tax breaks to casino operators who would face increased competition if the plan is approved.
The legislation would allow a sixth casino in Maryland, to be located in Prince George's County, and authorize table games such as blackjack and poker at all of the state's gambling sites. The bill would also allow all of the state's casinos to operate 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
Maryland's General Assembly is set to return to Annapolis for a short special session to debate the bill, beginning Thursday. Should the legislation pass, voters would still have to ratify major portions of it during the November election.
O'Malley released a statement about the bill, saying, "The legislation we are sending to the members of the General Assembly will create predictability in the marketplace, protect local and city aid being generated at existing sites, ensure authorized facilities are able to be built, and allow the people of Prince George's County the opportunity to decide whether they want a sixth site for the benefit of their county and revenue base."
The 55-page legislation could be heavily amended during the special session, which is expected to be a whirlwind event that's heavily lobbied. Sticking points between the legislature's two chambers have stalled past gambling proposals.
House Speaker Michael E. Busch, who had been cool to expanding gambling in years past, put out a statement Tuesday saying that the governor's bill "reflects our principles."
"The work of the House is not done," Busch said. "We will continue to provide input throughout the special session in order to put the best product possible before the voters in November."
Sen. Rich Madaleno, a Montgomery County Democrat who has taken a leading role on the issue, called the bill a "fair proposal" that is "very much" like the bill the Senate passed earlier this year and also tracks a proposal from a work group convened by the governor to study the issue this June.
"It balances our opportunity to increase revenues with safeguards for the current license holders," Madaleno said.
The legislation represents a significant shift in thinking for O'Malley, who just four months ago had a dismissive attitude toward adding a new casino. "The republic was not built on gambling gimmicks, bingo or bake sales," he said at a 1 a.m. news conference after a budget deal collapsed amid disagreements on gambling expansion.
The governor has said more recently that he wants the state to "move past" the issue of gambling, which has long dominated legislative debates in Maryland.
The state's fledgling gambling program is still getting off the ground. Only three of the five casinos authorized in 2007 have opened.
One in Cecil County, Hollywood Casino Perryville, has asked to return up to 500 slot machines to the state after business fell off following the opening in June of the Maryland Live Casino at Arundel Mills. A planned casino at the Rocky Gap resort in Western Maryland has also scaled back the size of its gambling floor.
It was still unclear Tuesday exactly how much new revenue the proposed gambling expansion would generate for the state. Bryce said that when fully implemented, the changes would bring in an additional $200 million. But for next year's budget, the revenue figure is closer to $60 million.
The bill would reduce the effective tax rate for the state's two largest casinos from 67 percent to 56 percent — though strings would be attached. The Maryland Live casino in Anne Arundel County and the planned casino in Baltimore to be run by Caesars Entertainment Corp. would have to use about half of the tax savings for capital investments and marketing.
Those two facilities would also have to buy their own slot machines under the bill. The state currently owns or leases the slot machines used by casinos.
Administration officials stressed Tuesday that the state will achieve significant savings by partially unloading the responsibility of buying slot machines.
The governor's proposal would allow a 3,000-slot machine casino in Prince George's County, making it the state's third-largest. The bill defines a geographic area where the casino could be located that includes National Harbor, which Prince George's County Executive Rushern L. Baker III favors, or Rosecroft Raceways, owned by gambling giant Penn National Gaming Inc.