Maryland voters will flock to the polls today, lured by a momentous presidential election but also called to decide on slot-machine gambling and to settle one of the most competitive congressional races in the country.
Expected record turnout could produce long lines at precincts, which might influence decisions on a proposed constitutional amendment to allow early voting in Maryland.
Pages and pages of down-ballot bond issues could further cause voting delays.
But long lines are not likely to stifle voter enthusiasm, said Linda Lamone, the state's elections administrator.
"It's almost like this election is a celebration," she said. "The majority of people going to the polls, if they have to stand in line, we think they'll remain positive about it."
Homer Favor, 84, who hasn't missed a presidential election since voting for Harry S. Truman in 1948, predicted "tremendous turnout" from the state's black voters, despite a rainy forecast.
"They sat in the rain to listen to him," the retired Morgan State University economics professor said of foul-weather rallies attended by thousands of Barack Obama supporters during the campaign. "They'll certainly walk in the rain to vote for him."
But James Bell, an Obama volunteer who has already cast an absentee ballot, expressed doubt about turnout from impoverished parts of the city, such as his Harlem Park neighborhood.
"They claim they're voting, but I don't know," said the 73-year-old retired graphics designer. "I still see a lot of negative attitudes ... about voting, about caring about your community."
As an early indication in the level of interest in this election, nearly 227,000 absentee ballots had been requested by Sunday, compared with about 138,000 absentee voters in the 2004 presidential election, officials said.
State officials are projecting a record 85 percent turnout today that could spike to more than 90 percent in Baltimore City and Prince George's County. They have added more equipment and poll workers at key precincts as part of a "line alleviation" plan.
The state elections board also retained a professional call center to answer voter questions, which has fielded tens of thousands of calls in recent days. Meanwhile, a "rumor control" section of the board's Web site seeks to dispel misconceptions.
Elections officials also are reminding people they must vote in the precinct where they reside. In the past, voters who showed up at the wrong polling place could fill out a provisional ballot and their votes for national or statewide candidates were counted.
But a recent ruling by the Maryland Court of Appeals has restricted the use of provisional ballots.
Congressional races: Each of Maryland's eight seats in the U.S. House of Representatives is up for grabs, though only the 1st District race - between Republican state Sen. Andy Harris and Democrat Frank Kratovil, the state's attorney for Queen Anne's County - is considered highly competitive.
The district, which includes the Eastern Shore as well as parts of Baltimore, Harford and Anne Arundel counties, has tended to vote Republican in statewide and national elections, but many observers now consider it a toss-up.
The contest has taken on many of the hard-knuckled themes in the presidential race. Harris has characterized his opponent as a tax-and-spend liberal whose ideas are outside the conservative mainstream. Kratovil has accused his rival of lying and has seized on the economy as a top issue.
Yesterday, the two candidates made morning television appearances before canvassing the district.
In the other races, an incumbent sweep is expected among Democrats including Rep. Elijah E. Cummings, who is heavily favored over Republican Michael Hargadon in the 7th district that includes parts of Baltimore City and Baltimore and Howard counties.
In the 6th district, a Republican stronghold in the western part of the state, Democrat Jennifer P. Dougherty, former mayor of Frederick, is seeking to upset Republican incumbent Roscoe Bartlett.
Two proposed constitutional amendments: Perhaps the most consequential regional issue on Maryland ballots this year is a proposed constitutional amendment to legalize slot-machine gambling in the state. If ratified by voters, the amendment would allow the establishment of 15,000 slot machine at sites across the state: in Baltimore City and Anne Arundel, Cecil, Worcester and Allegany counties. The more than $1 billion in anticipated revenues would go primarily to public education, gambling operators, the horse-racing industry and local governments.
After a spirited fight by organized campaigns that spent millions on this issue, Question 2 proponents and foes have been making their final arguments in hundreds of thousands of recorded "robo-calls" to voters. The pro-gambling side has Gov. Martin O'Malley and Montgomery County Executive Isiah Leggett on its calls; the anti-slots recorded call features the voices of Baltimore Del. Curtis S. Anderson and Comptroller Peter Franchot.
Most polls have given an edge to the pro-slots camp, but at a West Baltimore rally yesterday, Franchot predicted a "miracle" at the polls. Anderson, also at the rally at New Shiloh Baptist Church, issued a more anguished battle cry. "We are clearly on the verge of something terrible happening," he said.
Another ballot question centers on early voting. The proposal would amend the state Constitution and allow the General Assembly to craft a law permitting voters to cast a ballot before Election Day. More than 30 states allow early voting.
Maryland Democratic leaders argue that early voting could boost participation in elections while reducing lines at polling places, but Republican opponents contend the proposal could lead to voter fraud. Republicans also warn that the Democratic-controlled legislature could craft a law that places more early voting centers in heavily Democratic areas, bolstering their advantage in a state where they outnumber Republicans 2-to-1.
Local bond issues: Voters will be asked to approve hundreds of millions in borrowing to finance construction and renovation projects in their respective counties. Taxpayers must repay the money over time.
City voters, for example, will decide whether to borrow $125 million for 15 projects, including $43 million for new school construction and $16 million for city parks and recreation centers. The ballot in Baltimore County contains $255 million in nine proposed bond issues, such as $105 million for school projects and $30 million for community colleges.
voting in maryland •All eight congressional districts will be decided.
•Two statewide constitutional amendment questions: on slot machine gambling and on early voting.
•Two Court of Special Appeals judges face retention votes.
•Baltimore City: Voters to decide on reorganizing the Department of General Services and on 15 bond questions totaling $125 million. Proposed spending includes $43 million on schools, $30.5 million on community development and $16 million for parks and recreation.
•Baltimore County: Voters to decide on charter amendment related to outside employment by County Council members and on nine borrowing initiatives, including $105 million for schools and $84 million for public works.
• Anne Arundel County: Two school board members to be chosen; two county government questions.
•Carroll County: Two school board members to be selected.
•Howard County: Three school board members to be selected.