The front page of the Aug. 25, 1962, Washington Post, ran the headline, "Families Embrace Freed Prisoners of Laotian Reds on Arrival Here." The article and photos described the return of Bailey, and another POW freed by the Geneva Agreement, to Andrews Air Force Base. Bailey's first words to his wife were, "My, but you're pretty."

The article reported that Bailey had dropped from 185 pounds to 122, but his wife, Betty, told him, "You look just fine." The Bailey's children, Barbara, 18, Lawrence III, 16, and Elaine, 14, as well as his mother-in-law, Eunice Waybright, were also on hand to welcome the major home.

Bailey was taken to Walter Reed Army Hospital to recuperate. His room contained telegrams and letters from Laurel Mayor P.G. Melbourne and virtually every Laurel civic organization: Chamber of Commerce, Rotary Club, Kiwanis Club, Lions Club, Jaycees and Women's Club.

President John F. Kennedy visited and pinned a Bronze Star for "meritorious cold war gallantry" onto Bailey as he lay in his hospital bed. According to the Post, Kennedy told Bailey that "the medal was an inadequate token of affection for a test in many ways more exacting than service on a battlefield."

Hometown welcome

While still at Walter Reed, News Leader Publisher Gertrude Poe paid homage to Bailey on the front page: "Major Bailey is a hero not only to his family but to a nation indebted to him, and to a hometown in which he will find many newfound friends and acquaintances when he finally returns to his home on Greenhill Avenue."

Melbourne proclaimed Oct. 20, 1962, Major Lawrence R. Bailey Day and the city planned for weeks to stage a parade and banquet. Details of the festivities were reported by the News Leader.

The elaborate parade started at the bridge on Route 216 entering Laurel from Howard County, turned left onto Main Street, and then turned right on Fourth Street, ending at Montrose Avenue, where the reviewing stand was constructed.

Leading the parade were Bailey and his family, Melbourne and other city dignitaries and numerous Army officers. The long parade was a combination of civilian and military participants, including school bands from Laurel Senior High and Glenelg Senior High, and color guards from the American Legion and National Guard. Fort Meade and the Army were well-represented by the U.S. Army Garrison, a 164-man marching unit from the 120th Transportation Company; a WAC detachment from the Army Garrison; the Second Army Band; a Color Guard from the 35th Artillery Brigade; and a missile float from the 35th.

The banquet that night was organized by the Laurel Jaycees and held at Laurel Junior High, which is now the Laurel Municipal Center on Sandy Spring Road. Three hundred people jammed the school's auditorium for the banquet, where Bailey received the key to the city from the mayor and attendees heard a moving tribute to the major from Lt. Gen. John S. Upham Jr., commanding general, 2nd U.S. Army.

Proceeds from the banquet were used to set up the Lawrence R. Bailey Jr. Honor Scholarship, to benefit selected students graduating from a high school in Laurel. The Citizens National Bank of Laurel managed the scholarship fund, and Laurel organizations such as the Rotary Club supported it with donations.

The News Leader extensively covered the banquet with stories and photos. In his remarks to the crowd at the end of the evening, Bailey concluded by paying tribute to his hometown: "It's a waste of time to say I'm glad to be home. But I am glad to be home, and I'm glad to be home in Laurel, Maryland."

When he returned to active duty four months later Bailey was assigned as the chief of aviation at Fort Meade. In February 1965, he left Laurel for Sandia Base, New Mexico, eventually divorcing his wife, Betty, and remarrying. He retired from active service in 1970 as a colonel, and now lives in North Carolina.

In 2003, Bailey told his story in a book co-authored by Ron Martz and titled "Solitary Survivor: The First American POW in Southeast Asia." In the book, Bailey briefly describes his Laurel homecoming and the remainder of his Army career.

Remembering his 1962 hometown welcome in a phone interview this month, Bailey, 90, said he was "completely overwhelmed" by his reception.

"I was still trying to get used to being free," Bailey said. "I wish I had been more settled to enjoy it more. It was very heart-warming to have all those folks turn out and treat me in the fashion they did."

In his book, Bailey describes an emotional return to Laos 30 years after being set free, in an unsuccessful search for the house where he was imprisoned.

"It was a big disappointment when I went out there, that I could not find the house," Bailey said. "But all I saw was the inside of that house; I had no way to navigate and my only memory of geography was through the window."

After the death of his second wife, Jean, Bailey and his first wife, Betty, remarried in 2007.

"We brought the family back together," Bailey said.

Melanie Dzwonchyk contributed to this story.

History Matters is a monthly column rediscovering Laurel's past. Information for this story was found at the Laurel Historical Society's John Brennan Research Library. Do you have old pictures or stories to share about a historic event in Laurel? Contact Kevin Leonard at or 301-776-9260.