Shirley Johannesen Levine sways back and forth at the Ellicott City Senior Center, her arms moving to the left and then the right as she recites the classic nursery rhyme, "Old Mother Hubbard."

"Old Mother Hubbard went to the cupboard to give her poor dog a bone," she said with a voice deeper than her normal tone. "That's me."

Then, she pants.

Child-like giggles spread erupt from the audience – members of the Senior Center Plus social day program and the Athelas Institute, a community center that provides vocational, educational, residential and recreational programs for adults with disabilities.

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Yet it's not Levine, a 74-year-old mother of two and grandmother of five, they are watching. It's her puppets.

For this rhyme, it's Big Dog, a wide-eyed, lovable brown dog puppet who pants and howls when he learns Old Mother Hubbard's cupboard is bare and there is not a bone in site.

For other poems, there's Ernestine Eloise, a mischievous yet shy girl puppet who dances, hops and even burps as she recites the lines. And there's Plumduff, a green, 7-foot Chinese Imperial dragon

"Puppets are like actors, looking for words to say and words that can play," said Levine, as she transitioned from one poem to another. "I enjoy bringing my puppets to audiences that wouldn't normally see them."

For more than 30 years, Levine, a Columbia resident, has entertained audiences across the country and around the world with her puppetry skills and her company, Puppet Dance Productions.

Using mime, music and her own hand-made puppets, Levine encourages everyone from young children to senior citizens to "stretch their imagination" as she brings poems and stories to life.

Levine's interaction with her audience does more than provide entertainment; it supports wellness, according to Judah Ronch, University of Maryland, Baltimore County's Erickson School of aging studies

"At any age, interaction is key to a sense of engagement and meaning of life," Ronch said. 

But interactive performances like puppet shows can be especially beneficial for seniors, he said. Doing activities with seniors rather than for them promotes autonomy and self-esteem, he said. Research also shows older people with dementia will positively respond to an enriched environment that's not too overwhelming, Ronch said.

"The more you can do for engagement, the better," he said. 

Getting started

Looking back on her childhood in Nebraska, Levine said she was a "bright, ambitious" child with a great imagination. She never played with puppets but remembers cutting paper dolls from the pages of the Sears, Roebuck and Company catalog. She even created scenes and stories where the dolls would talk and move, she said.

Her interest in storytelling grew when she met a neighborhood woman who performed monologues.

"She intrigued me," Levine said. "So, I worked with her."

The woman taught Levine how to use her voice to convey her speech, as well as how to stand so her voice would project.

After college, while working at the Harvard Business School and writing her own short stories, she met her husband, William. They married in 1963 and moved to Columbia in 1971 while Levine was pregnant with their first child.