Getting to and from school each day will be different for thousands of Harford County Public Schools students this coming school year as a result of a series of transportation changes announced Thursday.

The changes are so widespread that school officials are also advising parents to closely review their children's bus route information when it's released in the coming weeks, as routes and times have likely changed from last school year.

Four elementary schools, including three in the greater Bel Air area and one in Aberdeen, will be placed on later schedules, students in three high school magnet programs will have to first report to their home schools to receive transportation and many more students in all grades will be walking or using private transportation when the 2013-14 school year begins Aug. 26.

In addition, scores of bus stops will be eliminated for high and middle school students, the school system said. Parents of students affected by specific changes are being notified by letters sent Wednesday, HCPS said in a news release.

All of the changes are driven by budget concerns, according to the school system. The school system requested a $22 million increase in funding from Harford County for 2013-14, but received only about $1.9 million more than in the previous year. As a result, the news release noted, "it was necessary for the Board of Education to develop revenue-generating strategies and to identify expenditure reductions in order to balance the school system's budget."

Reducing bus service was one of the cost savings the school board identified after it approved the final operating budget. To raise more revenue, the board also approved implementation of student fees of $50 per sport and $25 per extracurricular activity. Also to save money, the board eliminated 115 jobs, including 46 teaching positions. All those moves have been criticized by parents.

Though specific details about who will be affected by the transportation changes weren't make public until this week, the changes are opposed by the county's private bus contractors, who provide the bulk of the daily student transportation and whose revenue will be cut as a result.

According to HCPS, the school system provided transportation to approximately 33,700 of its nearly 38,000 students last school year.

Later start, dismiss times

Four elementary schools have been added to the late starting fourth tier schedule: Bakerfield in Aberdeen and Red Pump, Bel Air and Forest Lakes in the greater Bel Air area.

The school day at these four locations will start at 9:30 a.m., and students will be dismissed at 4 p.m., half an hour earlier and later than last year.

Teri Kranefeld, HCPS manager of communications, said approximately 1,875 students will be affected, although final numbers won't be known until after new kindergarten enrollment, not included in the estimate, is tabulated. Kranefeld said three other schools will continue on Tier 4 schedules: William S. James in Abingdon, Havre de Grace Elementary and Deerfield in Edgewood.

Kranefeld said the number of students affected includes all students, whether they ride a bus or not, since the schedule chain affects everyone at the school, including staff.

"By modifying the school day for these four schools, buses will be able to service more schools, thereby decreasing the number of total buses necessary and eliminating costs associated with the extra buses, such as fuel, maintenance and personnel costs," the school system news release states.

Waivers eliminated

HPCS provides transportation for students living within a one-mile radius of an elementary school and one and a half miles of a secondary school.

Over many years, students living within those limits have been able to obtain waivers and use buses, typically for safety reasons, such as no sidewalks or crossing guards at busy intersections. All prior waivers will be eliminated, the school system said.

Approximately 1,045 students will be affected, according to Kranefeld, who said the majority attend 11 schools located in "concentrated areas" of development. One example she provided is Aberdeen High, were there were 85 waivers last year.

"By eliminating the waivers and reducing the number of riders in close proximity, HCPS was able to further reduce the number of buses needed," the news release states. "Criteria that are used to determine non service areas in all other schools were applied to these cases and the exemptions were lifted."

Magnet program depot stops