Confusion

Concentration or memory problems

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Steps being taken

Athletic groups across the country have taken steps to protect athletes from traumatic brain injuries:

•Ivy League universities have recently placed limits on contact practices in football, lacrosse and soccer. The NFL and the association for little league football have taken similar steps.

•The national governing body for youth football recently launched Heads Up Football, a resource for parents, coaches and players on concussions and related issues.

•The NFL and its partners have committed about $1 million to provide new helmets to youth football players in low-income communities.

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