The accident spurred legislators to call for the National Transportation Safety Board to begin an investigation into bridge safety.

"This crash demonstrates how critical it is that motorists devote their full attention to driving when operating motor vehicles," said MdTA Police Chief Col. Michael Kundrat in a statement. "A primary reason for crashes on the Bay Bridge is from tailgating. Maintaining a proper following distance is one of the simplest things drivers can do to stay safe and keep other motorists safe."

Lovasz has been charged with failure to control speed to avoid a collision, unsafe lane changing, and traveling at a speed greater than reasonable and prudent on a highway, which each carry a $130 fine; and with negligent driving, which carries a $280 fine.

First Sgt. Kevin Ayd, an MdTA Police spokesman, said the charges are not criminal but do carry points against Lovasz's license and could affect his ability to retain his commercial driver's license. Lovasz and his company, Bulk Carriers PEI, have cooperated with the investigation, Ayd said.

Kundrat said another accident on the bridge in April was also caused by distracted driving, and officials are "taking a closer look" to evaluate safety on the bridge.

"We're analyzing potential strategies, including flashing 'Congestion Ahead' signs, requiring headlight use during two-way traffic operations and additional rumble strips," he said.

The MdTA is also cooperating fully in the NTSB investigation, he said.

Wayne R. Cohen, Lake's attorney, said he and Lake are happy Lovasz has been charged, but Lake is mostly focused on recovering — and making the Bay Bridge safer.

"She's encouraging everyone to do the 'Morgan move,' which is putting all your windows down when you go over the bridge, no matter what the weather is," Cohen said. "If her window hadn't broken, she never would have gotten out of that car."

An earlier version had the incorrect mirror Lovasz had been looking at just before the crash. The Sun regrets the error.