City Councilwoman Helen Holton's three-year battle against allegations of bribery and perjury came to a close Wednesday as Maryland's highest court upheld a Baltimore judge's decision to dismiss the most serious charges against her.
The 5-2 ruling Wednesday ends the case against the West Baltimore Democrat, whom state prosecutors had accused of accepting $12,500 for a campaign poll from a pair of developers in exchange for voting on tax breaks for their Harbor East project.
Holton, a councilwoman since 1995, said she believed she would have been exonerated if the bribery case had gone to trial. "I was not bribed. My vote has never ever been for sale, never ever," said Holton, who is running for re-election to the council in November. "That's not the person that I am."
Holton pleaded no contest last year to a campaign finance violation, a misdemeanor for which she was required to pay a $2,500 fine.
The Court of Appeals ruled Wednesday that a Baltimore City circuit judge was right to dismiss the more serious charges against her because the only evidence that she had granted the tax breaks to the developers were her official actions as chairwoman of the council's taxation and finance committee.
The majority cited the principle in state and federal law known as "legislative immunity," which prevents a lawmaker's official actions from being used as evidence against him or her.
State prosecutors had appealed the lower court's ruling, questioning whether the law applied to legislators at the local level. The Court of Appeals ruled that it did.
Holton was indicted by a grand jury in 2009 as part of the corruption probe that led to the resignation of Mayor Sheila Dixon.
The charges against Holton stemmed from the 2007 city campaign. Holton, an accountant, was contemplating a run for comptroller. Prosecutors alleged that Holton had asked developers John S. Paterakis and Ronald Lipscomb to pay for a $12,500 poll in return for tax breaks on their Harbor East development.
In the bribery case, prosecutors presented as evidence Holton's committee votes in favor of millions of dollars of tax breaks for the project.
Paterakis, who heads the H&S Bakery conglomerate, and Lipscomb, who partnered with Paterakis on development projects and had had a romantic relationship with Dixon, accepted plea deals in 2009 that required them to pay $25,000 in fines and perform community service. They are barred from contributing to campaigns until their probation ends next year.
Holton pleaded no contest in October to a misdemeanor campaign finance violation for receiving the $12,500 donation from the developers. State law limits individual campaign donations to $4,000 per election cycle.
The bribery case against Holton was hobbled by a lack of key evidence. Prosecutors did not present any evidence that Holton had supported the tax breaks other than her actions in council committee, which are protected by legislative immunity.
In the majority opinion, the appeals court judges wrote that lawmakers should not be fearful of criminal consequences when casting votes.
"They must enjoy the same ability to speak and act in their legislative capacities, without fear of retribution, either criminally or civilly, because of what they say or how they vote," they wrote. "They may be called upon to answer for their legislative conduct to the citizens who elected them, which is what democracy is all about, but they may not be compelled to defend their legislative conduct to a prosecutor, to a grand jury or to a court. The record in this case shows that that is precisely what Ms. Holton was asked to do, and the circuit court was correct in not permitting it," they wrote.
The minority countered that dismissing the charges against Holton would hamper the power of grand juries, which are not required to abide by strict rules concerning evidence.
"Allowing dismissal of the indictment on the ground that it contains on its face recitation of, or reference to, privileged legislative activities opens the door to the diminished significance of grand jury proceedings," Judge Glenn T. Harrell Jr. wrote in the dissent.
State Prosecutor Emmet C. Davitt, who was appointed to his position after the charges were brought against Holton, said he was "disappointed" in the decision. "Obviously, we respect the court's ruling," he said. While his office would review the decision, he said prosecutors were unlikely to appeal it to the Supreme Court.
Highest court upholds dismissal of bribery charges vs. Holton
Ruling ends case against West Baltimore councilwoman
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