Highlights from the NAACP's history

Sun Staff

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, is the nation's oldest civil rightsorganization. In 1986, the NAACP moved its headquarters from New York City to Baltimore.

Historic events

1909: Feb. 12, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is founded by a multiracial group of activists in New York City. The group was initially called the National Negro Committee.

1913: President Woodrow Wilson introducessegregation into thefederal government.The NAACP launchesa public protest againstthe policy.

1918: After persistentpressure by theNAACP, PresidentWilson makes apublic statementagainst lynching.

1935: NAACP lawyers CharlesHouston and Baltimorenative Thurgood Marshall win the legalbattle to admit a blackstudent to the University of Maryland.

1954: Thurgood Marshalland the NAACP winone of its greatestlegal victories inBrown vs. theBoard ofEducation.

1955: NAACP member Rosa Parks isarrested for refusing to give up herseat on a segregated bus inMontgomery, Ala. Thus begins thelargest civil rights movement in U.S.history, with efforts of the NAACP andother black organizations.

1963: After a successful masscivil rights rally, NAACPfirst Field Director MedgarEvers is assassinated inJackson, Miss.

1963: NAACP pushes forthe passage of theEqual EmploymentOpportunity Act.

Recent events

2000: Presidential candidate George W. Bush attends the NAACPconvention in Baltimore. Later, the group's National VoterFund runs a TV ad featuring the daughter of a black mandragged to death by three white men in a pickup truck.The ad accuses then-Texas Governor Bush of turningdown a call for state hate crime legislation.

2001: The Adam's Mark hotel chain agrees to pay$1.1 million to settle allegations that itdiscriminated against black guests during a 1999black college reunion in Florida. The settlementends a boycott by the NAACP and legal action bythe hotel chain against those who canceledcontracts as part of the boycott.

2002: NAACP president Kweisi Mfumecalls for election reform andreleases a state-by-state reportcard on voting practices spurredby the 2000 presidential electionin Florida.

2003: A federal judge in New York dismisses a casefiled by the NAACP against the firearmsindustry. The lawsuit accused the gun industryof irresponsible distribution and marketingpractices that have a disproportionate impacton the black community.

2004: In July, President Bush declines to attend theNAACP convention in Philadelphia amid accusationsthat the organization leans toward the Democrats.In late October, the NAACP announces that theInternal Revenue Service is reviewing its taxexempt status, which requires it to be nonpartisan.

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