Long Beach Aquarium's tiger shark is a picky eater
The species is known for eating almost anything, but this young one often turns up its snout at gourmet fare. When that happens, the staff gets grumpy.
A tiger shark at the Aquarium of the Pacific in Long Beach eyes a piece of rancher's reserve beef chuck boneless steak placed in the water by a staffer using tongs.
But on a recent Tuesday, the new 5-foot-long tiger shark at the Aquarium of the Pacific in Long Beach refused to even acknowledge a chunk of restaurant-grade ahi tuna dangled in front of its broad snout.
That worried Assistant Curator Steve Blair, whose duties include trying to keep one of the few tigers sharks in captivity in the United States as comfortable, healthy and stress-free as possible. After all, one of the first questions people ask when they enter the facility is, "Where are the sharks?"
Leaning over the creature's outdoor tank with the tuna offered in a pair of 3-foot-long tongs, Blair was losing patience.
"Come and get it," he urged. But the dark gray shark cruised past with a swish of its long curved tail. "You're really going to like this. In a restaurant it's a $20 dinner."
No dice. "OK. Let's try something else," he said, replacing the tuna with a large piece of mahi-mahi.
Nope. "How about halibut?" he said.
"So, you're not into halibut either," he said. "Shrimp?"
After 15 minutes, Blair called it quits. "I'll be back," he told the shark.
In the aquarium's stainless steel kitchen, where staffers spend mornings prepping meals for more than 10,000 marine creatures large and small, Blair compared his relationship with the tiger shark to "a dance routine."
"Some days she won't eat," he said. "Other days she goes on benders, feasting only on one type of food. Her tastes change from one day to the next. The tricky part is figuring out what thing triggers her hunger on a given day."
None of the aquarium's creatures are as picky. Jellyfish eat brine shrimp four times a day. Rays gobble up squid. A 10-foot-long sawfish goes for mullet. Bamboo and zebra sharks are so fond of clams and shrimp that their caretakers are always on alert for signs of obesity.
The tiger shark is scheduled to eat about half a pound of meat a day. But its menu has expanded to include more than 30 potential offerings, including mackerel, snapper, squid, ono, fresh water eels, chicken, flank steak, quail and $20-a-pound lobster tail.
"Name it," Blair said, "and we've probably tried it."
So much for the popular notion that Galeocerdo cuvier is a perpetually hungry "wastebasket of the sea."
The aquarium's tiger shark came from Taiwan, where its mother had been caught in a fisherman's net. The captured tiger shark gave birth to several pups, which were bought by an animal supplier who contacted the aquarium.
"We chewed on the offer for a couple of months," recalled Perry Hampton, the aquarium's director of animal husbandry. "Tiger sharks are a very challenging species to maintain. There is not a whole lot of information to go on."
"But because it was young and small, we felt we had a reasonable chance of success," he said. "If nothing else, we could push back the boundaries of knowledge about caring for this species in aquariums."
In their natural haunts, tiger sharks can grow up to 14 feet long and weigh more than 1,400 pounds. Young are born in litters of a dozen or more pups with distinctive black-and-white stripes that fade with age.