The Pulitzer Prize was presented to Sugg for beat reporting. It was the paper's 15th Pulitzer, following awards in 1997 and 1998 for feature writing and investigative reporting.
"There were a lot of great entries, but everybody felt that her [Sugg's] writing really brought together the sense of technology and humanity that exists with the issue of medicine but is often hard to convey in journalism," said Tom Rosenstiel, a juror on the Pulitzer beat reporting committee and director of the Washington-based Project for Excellence in Journalism. "There was a haunting quality to her writing that, when you are sitting there reading literally over 1,000 stories over the course of a couple of days, it takes something special to jump out and stick with you. Her writing does that."
Sugg's stories put flesh on sensitive medical issues and captured the drama and personal struggles that unfold each day when people fight for their lives.
"Those stories were really born in my heart," Sugg, 37, told a newsroom gathering of reporters, editors, executives and family members.
The people she interviewed revealed parts of their lives that "inspired me to go on. It is a privilege to tell their stories. It is an honor."
In February 2002, Sugg wrote about the practice of admitting family members into the emergency room while loved ones fight for their lives. She described the death of 11-year-old Ryan King with his mother at his side.
"As doctors struggled to get intravenous lines into his collapsing veins, injected him with drugs and took turns doing manual compressions on his chest, his mother climbed under staffers' arms and between IV poles. She cradled Ryan's head and put her cheek against his.
"'Mommy's here,' she said."
In a March 24 article, Sugg investigated why, despite technical medical advances, a perplexingly high number of stillbirths exists.
"In a time when surgeons can operate on fetuses, when parents can select the sex of their offspring, when physicians can screen embryos for genetic diseases, medicine has no answer for stillbirths. They are one of the last, great mysteries of obstetrics."
An article in August looked at how doctors break the news to friends and family when a loved one has died.
She told the story through two Maryland Shock Trauma Center doctors, Carnell Cooper and Steven Johnson, who broke the news to a woman that her boyfriend, who was beaten with a baseball bat, had died.
"Johnson put his arm around her, and she fell into him. On her other side, Cooper leaned closer and put his hand on her shoulder. He could feel her screams reverberating through his chest."
In addition to The Sun, winners included The Boston Globe, which received the Pulitzer for public service reporting for "courageous, comprehensive coverage of sexual abuse by priests" in the Roman Catholic Church.
The Los Angeles Times , a paper that is owned by The Sun's parent, Tribune Co., won three Pulitzers, and the Chicago Tribune, another paper in the chain, captured the award for editorial writing.
The Washington Post won three Pulitzers, including one by Stephen Hunter, a former Sun movie critic, for criticism.
Reporters, editors and executives at The Sun crowded around Sugg as she waited by a computer terminal for the final word about the Pulitzers. It arrived shortly after 3 p.m., and the newsroom erupted in cheers and applause.