Bush's surprise choice of Harriet E. Miers prompted commentators to note that she got her nomination in the way Vice President Dick Cheney got his. Both had been asked by Bush to screen candidates for the positions that he wound up giving to them instead.
Miers "has been a good counselor to him and she's served him loyally," said former Bush aide David Frum. He nonetheless was critical of her selection, which stunned conservative activists expecting a hard-line ideologue to get the nod.
The choice appeared to signal a new effort by Bush to prevent the recent upheavals in Washington - everything from the federal response to Hurricane Katrina, which raised questions about the administration's competence, to the ethics problems dogging Republicans on Capitol Hill - from overshadowing his agenda.
"Miers was a surprise, in that many people expected Bush to go with more of a movement conservative. The ability to be confirmed, with [Democratic Sens. Patrick J.] Leahy and [Harry] Reid supporting the nominee, must have driven the final decision," said Scott Reed, a Republican strategist.
At 60, Miers is older than many of Bush's other court nominees, including 50-year-old Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. - another indication that factors other than a desire to mold the court for decades might have driven the decision.
Unable or unwilling to endure the inevitable battle over a hard-line nominee, Bush chose instead to circle the wagons and make loyalty the qualification that trumps everything, Republicans said.
Miers has "total devotion" and "total loyalty" to Bush, important characteristics that she shares with Rice, said a Republican close to the White House.
Miers is a driven, single woman, born and raised in the South, who blazed a trail of her own in a white male-dominated world. The same is true of Rice. The two women have provided Bush with discreet advice in perhaps the most important areas where he lacked real experience: the law and foreign policy.
Miers is also unusually close to Bush personally, with whom she shares an active interest in sports, as does Rice.
Both women have spent leisure time with the president and his wife at Camp David and at his Texas ranch, reflecting a personal comfort level with the president, as well as their importance within his administration and their single-minded dedication to him and to their work.
"I've known Harriet for more than a decade," said Bush, in announcing her selection. "I know her heart. I know her character."
Miers had already been the first woman to head the Texas bar association when she joined Bush's first campaign for governor.
Since then, she has served as his personal lawyer, an adviser to his presidential campaign and, most recently, White House counsel, as well as his appointee to head the Texas Lottery Commission.
Rice was provost of Stanford University before becoming Bush's foreign policy tutor and, later, White House national security adviser.
Miers is viewed as a logical choice for a president who wanted to select a female nominee and who, as one former aide put it, saw in Miers some personal traits that reminded him of Sandra Day O'Connor, the first female justice, whom she would replace.
As he did when he promoted Rice to secretary of state last fall, Bush highlighted a portion of Miers' background that humanizes her: the illness of her late father, which forced her to go to work to help pay her college bills.
In Rice's case, it was her upbringing as a black woman in segregated Alabama that Bush chose to spotlight.