Victim, date and location Circumstances Witnesses Evidence
Paul LaRuffa, 55

Thursday, Sept. 5
Clinton

Shot five times with a .22-caliber handgun, and robbed of $3,600 and a Sony laptop computer outside his restaurant. None
  • LaRuffa's laptop is found in Muhammad's Caprice.

  • A shirt and LaRuffa's bank bags are later found near the shooting scene. Teen-age co-defendant Lee Boyd Malvo's DNA is found on the shirt.

  • Muhammad Rashid, 32

    Sunday, Sept. 15
    Brandywine

    Shot once in the abdomen with a .22-caliber handgun while locking up a liquor store and robbed of his wallet. Rashid identified Malvo as his attacker. Ballistics tests show that Rashid was shot with the same handgun as LaRuffa.
    Kellie Adams, 24, and
    Claudine Parker, 52

    Saturday, Sept. 21
    Montgomery, Ala.

    The two liquor store clerks are shot from a distance with a high-velocity rifle while locking up the store. Parker is killed. Two witnesses identify Malvo as fleeing the scene.
  • Ballistics tests connect the shootings to the Bushmaster rifle found in Muhammad's Caprice.

  • A weapons catalog found near the scene contained Malvo's fingerprints.

  • A .22-caliber handgun, dropped near the scene, is shown to be the one used in the LaRuffa and Rashid shootings.

  • Hong Im Ballenger, 45

    Monday, Sept. 23
    Baton Rouge, La.

    Fatally shot in the head in the parking lot of the beauty store she managed. Two witnesses place Malvo at the scene. One of them places Muhammad's car across the street.
  • Receipts found in the Caprice after the arrest put Muhammad and Malvo in Baton Rouge on the day of the killing.

  • Ballistics tests connect the killing to the Bushmaster rifle.

  • Premkumar A.
    Walekar, 54

    Thursday, Oct. 3
    Aspen Hill

    Fatally shot in the chest while pumping gas at a Mobil station. None Ballistics tests connect the killing to the Bushmaster rifle.
    Sarah Ramos, 34

    Thursday, Oct. 3
    Silver Spring

    Fatally shot in the neck while sitting on a bench at a shopping center. A witness saw Muhammad's Caprice in the shopping center parking lot just before the killing. Ballistics tests connect the killing to the Bushmaster rifle.
    Lori Lewis-Rivera, 25

    Thursday, Oct. 3
    Kensington

    Fatally shot in the back while vacuuming her minivan at a Shell station. A witness saw the Caprice in traffic near the scene before the shooting. Ballistics tests connect the killing to the Bushmaster rifle.
    Pascal Charlot, 72

    Thursday, Oct. 3
    Washington

    Fatally shot in the chest while standing near an intersection.
  • Two witnesses saw the Caprice at the scene at the time of the shooting.

  • A D.C. police officer stopped Muhammad in the Caprice several hours before the shooting.

  • Ballistics tests connect the killing to the Bushmaster rifle.
    Caroline Seawell, 43

    Friday, Oct. 4
    Fredericksburg, Va.

    Shot in the back in the parking lot of a Michaels crafts store. A witness places the Caprice at the scene minutes after the shooting. Ballistics tests connect the shooting to the Bushmaster rifle.
    Iran Brown, 13

    Monday, Oct. 7
    Bowie

    Shot in the abdomen outside Benjamin Tasker Middle School. A witness places the Caprice near the school one hour before the shooting.
  • In the woods next to school, police found a tarot card with Malvo's DNA, a Bic pen barrel with Muhammad's DNA and a shell casing that is linked to the Bushmaster rifle.

  • Ballistics tests connect the shooting to the rifle.

  • Dean H. Meyers, 53

    Wednesday, Oct. 9
    Manassas, Va.

    Fatally shot in the back while pumping gas at a Sunoco station.
  • Witness places both suspects at the scene one hour before the shooting.

  • A police officer questioned Muhammad in the Caprice as he left
    a nearby parking lot after the shooting.

  • A Baltimore map book found in a parking lot across from the scene contained Muhammad's and Malvo's fingerprints.

  • Ballistics tests connect the killing to the Bushmaster rifle.

  • Kenneth H. Bridges, 53

    Friday, Oct. 11
    Fredericksburg, Va.

    Fatally shot in the back while pumping gas at an Exxon station. Two witnesses place the Caprice near the scene before the shooting. Ballistics tests connect the killing to the Bushmaster rifle.
    Linda Franklin, 47

    Monday, Oct. 14
    Falls Church, Va.

    Fatally shot in the head in the parking lot of a Home Depot. Police officer saw Malvo driving the Caprice on Interstate 66, about 10 miles away, shortly after the killing. Ballistics tests connect the killing to the Bushmaster rifle.
    Jeffrey Hopper, 37

    Saturday, Oct. 19
    Ashland, Va.

    Shot in the abdomen outside a Ponderosa Steakhouse. A surveillance camera in a Big Lots store near the scene captures Muhammad on tape about four hours before the shooting.
  • A four-page note threatening children and demanding money is found in a plastic bag containing Malvo's DNA. The bag and paper brands were in stock at the Big Lots.

  • A CinnaRaisins bag with Malvo's DNA and fingerprints is found in the woods, as is a shell casing from the Bushmaster rifle.

  • Ballistics tests connect the shooting to
    the rifle.

  • Conrad Johnson, 35

    Tuesday, Oct. 22
    Aspen Hill

    Fatally shot in the chest while standing in the stairwell of his bus. A videotape shows Muhammad in a nearby Outback Steakhouse restaurant the night before the killing.
  • Police find a duffel bag containing DNA consistent with Muhammad's in woods nearby.

  • A note in a Ziploc bag containing Malvo's DNA and a glove whose mate is later found in the Caprice are found in the woods nearby.

  • Ballistics tests connect the killing to the Bushmaster rifle.

  • Evidence found in the '90 Chevrolet Caprice

  • Traces of nitro-glycerin and gunshot residue in the trunk, indicating a weapon was fired there.

  • An electronic organizer found in the car contained a list of "people to die later."

  • Malvo's fingerprint, palm print and DNA were found on the Bushmaster rifle in the car.
    n Muhammad's DNA is found on a sight that fits the Bushmaster rifle.

  • A laptop computer in the car contained electronic maps of several of the shooting sites, with the locations of killings marked with skulls and crossbones.

  • A digital voice recorder found in the car contained a recording on which voices identified as Muhammad and Malvo threatened more killings if their demands were not met.


    Artist's depiction of how prosecutors are alleging Muhammad or Malvo concealed themselves in the vehicle by pulling up the hinged rear seat and shooting the Bushmaster rifle through a small hole in the trunk.

  • Sources: Court testimony
    Sun graphic by Stephen Kiehl, Kerry G. Johnson, Melinda Curtis and Paul McCardell