Eleven U.S. soldiers have been convicted of crimes stemming from detainee abuse at the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq: Former Sgt. Santos A. Cardona, an Army military police dog handler from Fullerton, Calif., was convicted by a military jury June 1, 2006, of dereliction of duty and aggravated assault for allowing his Belgian shepherd to bark within inches of the face of a kneeling detainee. Cardona was sentenced to 90 days of hard labor with no prison time, a reduced in rank one grade to specialist and forfeiture of $600 a month for 12 months.
Former Spc. Armin Cruz, a military intelligence reservist from Plano, Texas, pleaded guilty to conspiracy and mistreating prisoners and was sentenced in September 2004 to eight months in prison.
Former Sgt. Javal Davis, an MP reservist from Roselle, N.J., was sentenced to six months in prison after pleading guilty in February 2005 to assault, dereliction of duty and lying to Army investigators. He admitted stepping on the hands and feet of handcuffed detainees and falling with his full weight on top of them.
Pfc. Lynndie England, an MP reservist from Fort Ashby, W. Va., was sentenced in September 2005 to three years in prison after a jury convicted her of conspiracy, maltreating detainees and committing an indecent act.
Former Staff Sgt. Ivan Frederick, an MP reservist from Buckingham, Va., was sentenced to 8 1/2 years in prison in October 2004 after pleading guilty to conspiracy, dereliction of duty, maltreatment of detainees and other charges. Frederick said he helped place wires on a detainee's hands and told him he would be electrocuted if he fell while standing on a box.
Former Cpl. Charles A. Graner Jr., an MP reservist of Uniontown, Pa., was sentenced in January 2005 to 10 years in prison for assault, battery, conspiracy, maltreatment, indecent acts and dereliction of duty. Prosecutors described Graner, who England has said is the father of her son, as the ringleader of a group of guards who mistreated detainees.
Former Spc. Megan Ambuhl Graner, an MP reservist from Centreville, Va., now married to Charles Graner. She pleaded guilty in November 2004 to failing to prevent or report maltreatment of prisoners. She was discharged from the Army without prison time.
Former Spc. Sabrina Harman, an MP reservist from Lorton, Va., was found guilty at trial in May 2005 of conspiracy, maltreating detainees and dereliction of duty. She was sentenced to six months in prison.
Former Spc. Roman Krol, a military intelligence reservist from Randolph, Mass., admitted pouring water on naked detainees and forcing them to crawl around the floor. He also said he threw a foam football at them while they were handcuffed. Krol was sentenced in February 2005 to 10 months in prison.
Former Spc. Jeremy Sivits, an MP reservist from Hyndman, Pa., pleaded guilty in May 2004 to four counts for taking pictures of naked Iraqi prisoners being humiliated. He was sentenced to one year in prison.
Former Sgt. Michael J. Smith, a military police dog handler from Fort Lauderdale, Fla., was sentenced in March 2006 to 179 days in prison for offenses that included maltreatment, conspiracy and dereliction of duty. The jury convicted Smith of conspiring with dog handler Santos Cardona to frighten detainees into soiling themselves.