CAPE TOWN, South Africa - Walking past the food delivery bays at a Cape Town technical college, Noor Ebrahim stopped abruptly and pointed to the pavement like a man discovering lost treasure. This, he said, was the spot where his family's home once stood.
"It was a double-story house made of bricks," said Ebrahim, spreading his
arms wide to show the dimensions of a house that now exists only in his
"When they bulldozed my house I was standing right there," he said. "I
couldn't stop them. No one could."
That was 1975. Ebrahim's house was one of the last standing in District
Six, a Cape Town neighborhood that South Africa's apartheid government
declared a whites-only area, tossing out more than 65,000 black, Indian, Malay
and mixed-race residents to crowded townships before flattening their homes.
Nearly 30 years later, the bulldozers are back in District Six. But this
time they're clearing the way to build houses in this neighborhood of
weed-choked empty lots for the return of 4,000 evicted families, Ebrahim's
In the past month, the first nine families have moved into a newly
completed row of two-story, whitewashed houses on Chapel Street.
The eldest former District Six residents are returning first, giving them
the opportunity to savor, if just for a few years, some compensation for what
Dan Ndzabela, 82, sat at his dining room table on a recent Sunday afternoon
spilling over with pride at the new three-bedroom, two-bath home he shares
with his two grandchildren.
"I'm finally happy," Ndzabela said.
Ndzabela recounted coming as a young man from the green hills of the
Eastern Cape to Cape Town in 1942 in search of work. He found a job as a
messenger for an auto-repair shop and looked no further than District Six for
a place to stay.
Founded in 1867 as Cape Town's Sixth Municipal District, District Six was
one of the few neighborhoods in South Africa where everyone was welcome, no
matter the color of their skin. Set on a hillside below the majestic Table
Mountain near the heart of Cape Town's city center, District Six was a
bustling urban melting pot of Muslim, Christian and Jewish artists, laborers,
business owners and newly arrived immigrants.
'One big happy family'
"It was one big happy family. We proved to the apartheid government that it
could work. I think that was one reason they destroyed it," said Ebrahim, 60,
a descendant of Indian and Scottish immigrants, who works at the District Six
Museum in Cape Town.
At first, the government forcefully removed District Six's black residents.
Ndzabela received a notice in 1959 informing him that he and his wife and two
children would be moved to Nyanga West, a black neighborhood on the backside
of Table Mountain about 15 miles from Cape Town.
His new government home was a one-room brick house, "cold in the winter and
hot in the summer," he recalled. With few options for public transportation,
Ndzabela's 10-minute commute from District Six to his job in Cape Town became
an arduous three-hour journey.
In 1966, as the apartheid government put the finishing touches on its
master design to separate the races, it announced that the remaining residents
of District Six would be relocated. The plan separated friends and sometimes
families. A wife, for instance, who was classified as black would be separated
from a husband who was Indian.
Under the apartheid government, Ibrahim Murat was classified as "colored,"
or mixed race, and trucked off with his belongings to the township known as
"In the township, it was terrible," said Murat, 87, Ndzabela's neighbor and
the second resident to return to District Six last month.
Sitting in his living room, Murat recalled District Six bustling with the
sounds of gambling, jazz clubs and bars. He remembered playing dice on street
corners with his friends.
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