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John Delaney, Democrat


 

    • Party: Democrat



    • Age: 49



    • City of residence Potomac



    • Occupation: Businessman



    • Family: Married, four daughters





    • Public campaign contact: 301-215-6363



    • Experience: Founded two NYSE listed Maryland companies, including CapitalSource, which provides loans to small and mid-sized businesses across the United States and employs around 600 people. Also, founded HealthCare Financial Partners, a former NYSE company, and BancAlliance, a cooperative of community banks across the United States.



    • Education: B.A., Columbia University, 1985; J.D., Georgetown University Law Center, 1988.



    • Have you ever been convicted of a crime (not including minor traffic violations)? No.


// As you know, the Bush-era income tax cuts will expire at the end of this year. Do you support extending the cuts for all income levels, only on individual income under $200,000 (under $250,000 for families), or not at all? If you support an extension of some kind, should it be paid for? //

I support ending the Bush tax cuts for those making over $250,000, modestly raising most capital gains taxes, and lowering corporate income taxes while abolishing certain corporate loopholes to produce a net gain in corporate tax revenues. I also support making our tax system easier to follow and eliminating deductions in general. Raising tax revenues, however, should be done as part of a grand, long-term deficit reduction plan similar to Simpson-Bowles, which I think is an excellent framework. Included in this should be targeted investments designed to make our country more competitive.


// Is there any circumstance in which you would support extending a pay freeze on federal employees and/or requiring current federal employees to contribute more to their retirement plans? Please explain. //

I strongly believe everyone will have to make sacrifices to put us on the path of fiscal responsibility. The notion of shared sacrifice for the common good is a central and defining feature of our character as Americans. One of the consequences of not dealing with the big issues that drive our fiscal situation — taxes, entitlements, and defense — is that discretionary spending gets unfairly squeezed. I believe that too often federal employees present a politically expedient target that doesn't actually end up making much of a fiscal impact and it is therefore unfair. Federal employees have already had a multi-year pay freeze and benefits have been reduced for new employees.


// The Congressional Budget Office projects spending on Medicare, Medicaid and other government health programs will more than double as a share of the nation's economy by 2037. What specific changes would you propose to reduce Medicare costs? //

I am supportive of Simpson-Bowles as a framework to begin to get our fiscal house in order, but at the same time I think the plan doesn't focus enough on the nuts and bolts of how to reduce future healthcare costs.

While I applaud the broad aspects of the Affordable Care Act as it relates to providing health care for all Americans, I think more needs to be done to reduce healthcare costs. As a country we spend twice as much on healthcare as compared to many highly developed nations and our outcomes are not much better. This is a significant problem, it indicates that our healthcare system is broken, and it affects the long term fiscal strength and competiveness of our country.

As long as healthcare costs continue to outpace GDP growth we will have serious problems paying for care and it will affect overall U.S. competiveness. While there are numerous ideas that have been considered to reduce healthcare costs, and many will work and many will not, the main issue is that Congress needs to show determination and begin to solve the cost problem in healthcare. Our current posture — doing nothing — will only make the problem more significant. Put another way, as a country we should try to be approximately right as it relates to fixing healthcare as opposed being precisely wrong. By doing something to lower costs we will be making progress, by doing nothing we are being precisely wrong. Our system has problems, and there are sensible steps we can and should take, including allowing Medicare to negotiate with the drug companies and further implementing technology to streamline record-keeping and costs.


// Would you support increased federal spending on highways and other infrastructure as a way to boost the construction industry? If so, how would you pay for it? //

Yes. Investing in infrastructure will create both short and long term economic growth. Put another way, it stimulates the economy in the short term and it "pencils out" in the long term by making our country more competitive. For our country to grow — which is the most important thing for us to focus on as an economy — our government needs to be investing in all form of infrastructure — transportation, communication and energy.

Infrastructure is one area where you very clearly need government to play a role and in the past this has been a bipartisan issue. Infrastructure is an area that the private sector wants to invest in, because it has historically been a very good investment. An infrastructure bank would facilitate public-private partnerships to rebuild our infrastructure. In particular it would combine the role of government in designing and implementing our infrastructure needs with the significant private capital currently available in our economy.


// Would you support U.S. military involvement in Iran if there were evidence that it was close to developing a nuclear weapon? //

I believe that the economic sanctions against Iran have been working, and should be given time. I agree with the president's overall position that all options should be on the table to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon. The consequences are relevant to the whole world.


// Describe a specific policy you would pursue in Congress that would have support from members of the opposite party. //

I'm a strong advocate for long-term deficit reduction combined with investments designed to make the United States' economy grow faster and be more competitive. It is critical that we make our country more competitive so that we can reverse the income stagnation trends that we have seen across the last two decades. This is an area that has wide support, not only in both parties, but among the American people as a whole.

There are good, bipartisan proposals out there that take a balanced approach to reducing our debt. The Simpson-Bowles proposal in particular was a positive first step. In fact, I believe if put to a vote of the American people, Simpson-Bowles would be overwhelmingly supported.

I'm also supportive of comprehensive redistricting reform and term limits.





[ 7th Congressional District ]



 

The Seventh includes a large portion of Baltimore City as well as portions of Baltimore and Howard counties. It has a been a reliably Democratic seat for years. The incumbent is Rep. Elijah Cummings, a Baltimore Democrat.



 

Elijah Cummings, Democrat (incumbent)


 


    • Party: Democrat



    • Age: 61



    • City of residence: Baltimore



    • Occupation: Member of Congress, attorney



    • Family: Married, children







    • Experience: Maryland General Assembly (14 years Speaker Pro Tem); U.S. House of Representatives, 1996 - present; Ranking Democrat, House Oversight and Government Reform Committee; member, Joint Economic Committee and Joint Transportation Committee; member, Health Care Reform Task Force; member and past chair, Congressional Black Caucus.



    • Education: B.A., Howard University, 1973; J.D., University of Maryland Law School, 1976.



    • Have you ever been convicted of a crime (not including minor traffic violations)? No.


// As you know, the Bush-era income tax cuts will expire at the end of this year. Do you support extending the cuts for all income levels, only on individual income under $200,000 (under $250,000 for families), or not at all? If you support an extension of some kind, should it be paid for? //

While our economy recovers from the errors of the Bush era, I support extending the Bush-era tax cuts for individual income under $200,000 (under $250,000 for families). Once the additional revenue from returning to Clinton-era rates for more wealthy Americans is better known, we will be better able to assess how we should approach deficit reduction.


// Is there any circumstance in which you would support extending a pay freeze on federal employees and/or requiring current federal employees to contribute more to their retirement plans? Please explain. //

No. I would not support extending the pay freeze or require greater contributions from our federal employees. They have already been saddled with a disproportionate burden.


// The Congressional Budget Office projects spending on Medicare, Medicaid and other government health programs will more than double as a share of the nation's economy by 2037. What specific changes would you propose to reduce Medicare costs? //

As a first step, I would support modification of Medicare Part D drug coverage to permit and require the federal government to negotiate a lower price for the very expensive prescription drugs that our Seniors need (just as we currently do with the [Department of Veterans Affairs] health plans.)


// Would you support increased federal spending on highways and other infrastructure as a way to boost the construction industry? If so, how would you pay for it? //

As a senior member of the House Transportation & Infrastructure Committee, I am well aware of the importance of our transportation network to Maryland and the rest of our country — as well as the substantial repair work needed to protect the public.

In recent years, $30 billion in general revenues have been used to supplement the federal highway trust fund. While I have supported those expenditures, clearly the trust fund's funding mechanism must be adjusted.


// Would you support U.S. military involvement in Iran if there were evidence that it was close to developing a nuclear weapon? //

President Obama has declared that the United States will take no options off the bargaining table regarding Iran's nuclear program. However, in light of our experience in Iraq, the Congress should examine any evidence of Iranian nuclear developments very thoroughly before authorizing military action.


// Describe a specific policy you would pursue in Congress that would have support from members of the opposite party. //

One area in which there may well be more bipartisan support after the November elections is the re-authorization of our multi-year federal surface transportation legislation - work in which I will be personally involved.



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Ronald M. Owens-Bey, Libertarian


 

Did not return a questionnaire



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