4. The first mission tourist may have been Henry Miller. No, not the naughty novelist. This Henry Miller, from Northern California, was a little-known artist who rode by mule in 1856 to visit and sketch all 21 missions (Page 37). Several other painters followed, and photographer Carleton Watkins set himself a similar mission in the 1870s and 1880s. Writer Robert Louis Stevenson spoke up for mission preservation in 1879. But it wasn't until after "Ramona" in 1884 that a broad preservation movement gained momentum.
Courtesy Garzoli Gallery / From The California Missions, Getty Publications