Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe has been credited with helping to shape Zimbabwe after the nation gained its independence. Serving as the nation's first elected prime minister, Mugabe was regarded as a political hero and received many honorary degrees during the 1980s and 1990s. Today, Mugabe is still in power, having won every re-election for more than 2 decades. In recent years, his policies have made him the focus of human rights violation accusations. In 2007, University of Edinburgh was the first to rescind the honorary doctorate they awarded Mugabe, followed by University of Massachusetts Amherst and Michigan State in 2008.
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