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Dwight D. Eisenhower
Oct. 14, 1890 -- March 28, 1969
Marriage: Mamie Geneva Doud
Military service: In World War I, he served stateside as commander of a tank corps training center. A career soldier, he rose to brigadier general between the wars. In 1942 he was Allied commander in chief for U.S. forces in Europe, invaded North Africa, became supreme allied commander for the D-Day invasion of Europe and accepted Germany's surrender at Reims, France.
Term: Jan. 20, 1953 - Jan. 20, 1961
Vice president: Richard M. Nixon
Highlights of presidency: Eisenhower negotiated the end of the Korean War, and undertook a nuclear missile buildup, adopting the strategy of massive retaliation as a deterrent during the "Cold War" with the Soviets. He worked for the Civil Rights Act of 1957 to protect minority voting rights and enforced integration by sending the National Guard to escort black students into Little Rock's Central High School. In 1956, he created the 42,000-mile interstate highway system, and he opened the St. Lawrence Seaway in 1959.
Did you know? As a star defensive back on the West Point football team, Eisenhower tackled the famous Jim Thorpe, and was known as the "Kansas Cyclone." He is the only president to serve in both world wars. He loved to cook and had an 894-word recipe for vegetable soup. He is the only American to be awarded the British Order of Merit. He was the first president of all 50 states, the first to hold a news conference in the White House, the first to appear on color television and the first president licensed to pilot a plane.