The numbers behind women at work

Looking at the data on women at work.

Women have made great strides in the workplace during the last several decades. But there are still gaps to be filled when it comes to equal pay, distribution of child care and incorporating women in senior-level positions. Here's a look at women at work, by the numbers.

Educational attainment

In 2014, women ages 25 to 64 in the labor force:

40 percent held college degrees, compared with 11 percent in 1970

6 percent had less than a high school diploma, compared with 34 percent who didn't graduate high school in 1970

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Women in the workforce

In 2014:

57 percent of women were in the workforce, compared with 69.2 percent of men

Unemployment rate for women: 6.1 percent; unemployment rate for men: 6.3 percent

64.2 percent of divorced women worked compared to 58.4 percent of married women

70.8 percent of all women with children under 18 worked

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Pay gap

In 2014 women who worked full time made 83 percent of men's median weekly earnings: $719 compared with $871

Among women, weekly earnings were higher for Asians ($841) and whites ($734) than African Americans ($611) and Hispanics ($548)

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

$11,000: The difference between what childless women and mothers were offered in starting salary (mothers were offered less)

Source: Harvard Business Review

Hours worked

In 2014:

26 percent of women worked part time (less than 35 hours), while 13 percent of men worked part time

On average women worked 35.9 hours per week, and men worked 41 hours per week

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Distribution of child care and chores

In households where both parents worked full time:

41 percent of women report doing more child care

30 percent of women report doing more chores

Source: "Women in the Workplace 2015," McKinsey & Co.

Corporate pipeline

On average in 2015 women made up:

45 percent of entry-level professionals

37 percent of managers

32 percent of senior managers and directors

27 percent of vice presidents

23 percent of senior vice presidents

17 percent of chief-level executives

Source: "Women in the Workplace 2015," McKinsey & Co.

Business ownership

- 30 percent of all businesses are owned and operated by women

- There were 1.5 times as many women-owned businesses in 2015 than in 1997

Source: ResourcefulManager

U.S. global ranking for gender equality

55th

Top 5: 1. Slovenia; 2. Switzerland; 3. Germany; 4. Denmark; 5. Austria

Source: United Nations Development Programme Human Development Reports

http://www.bls.gov/bls/cpswomendata.htm

smeehan@baltsun.com

twitter.com/sarahvmeehan

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