In 1846, Elias Howe received a patent for his sewing machine.
1608: John Smith was elected president of the Jamestown colony council in Virginia.
1813: An American naval force commanded by Oliver Hazard Perry defeated the British in the Battle of Lake Erie during the War of 1812. (Afterward, Perry sent out the message, “We have met the enemy and they are ours.”)
1919: New York City welcomed home Gen. John J. Pershing and 25,000 soldiers who'd served in the U.S. 1st Division during World War I.
1935: Sen. Huey P. Long died in Baton Rouge, two days after being shot in the Louisiana state Capitol, allegedly by Dr. Carl Weiss.
1939: Canada declared war on Germany during World War II.
1955: The Western series “Gunsmoke,” starring James Arness as Marshal Matt Dillon, began a 20-season run on CBS Television.
1974: The West African country of Guinea-Bissau became fully independent of Portugal.