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This Day in History: Nov. 9

In 1999, with fireworks, concerts and a huge party at the landmark Brandenburg Gate, Germany celebrated the 10th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall.

1620: The passengers and crew of the Mayflower sighted Cape Cod.

1872: Fire destroyed nearly 800 buildings in Boston.

1935: United Mine Workers President John L. Lewis and other labor leaders formed the Committee for Industrial Organization (later renamed the Congress of Industrial Organizations).

1938: Nazis looted and burned synagogues as well as Jewish-owned stores and houses in Germany and Austria in a pogrom that became known as “Kristallnacht.”

1965: The great Northeast blackout began as a series of power failures lasting up to 131/2 hours left 30 million people in seven states and part of Canada without electricity.

1967: A Saturn V rocket carrying an unmanned Apollo spacecraft blasted off from Cape Kennedy on a successful test flight.

1989: Communist East Germany threw open its borders, allowing citizens to travel freely to the West; joyous Germans danced atop the Berlin Wall.

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