In 2008, Democrat Barack Obama was elected the first black president of the United States, defeating Republican John McCain.
1884: Democrat Grover Cleveland was elected to his first term as president, defeating Republican James G. Blaine.
1924: President Calvin Coolidge, who'd succeeded the late President Warren G. Harding, was elected to a full term of office.
1939: The United States modified its neutrality stance in World War II, allowing “cash and carry” purchases of arms by belligerents, a policy favoring Britain and France.
1991: Ronald Reagan opened his presidential library in Simi Valley, Calif.; in attendance were President George H.W. Bush and former Presidents Jimmy Carter, Gerald R. Ford and Richard Nixon — the first-ever gathering of five past and present U.S. chief executives.