In 1964, The Beatles made their first live American television appearance on “The Ed Sullivan Show,” broadcast from New York by CBS.
1861: Jefferson Davis was elected provisional president of the Confederate States of America at a congress held in Montgomery, Alabama.
1870: The U.S. Weather Bureau was established.
1942: Daylight-saving “War Time” went into effect in the United States, with clocks turned one hour forward.
1943: The World War II battle of Guadalcanal in the southwest Pacific ended with an Allied victory over Japanese forces.
1971: The crew of Apollo 14 returned to Earth after man's third landing on the moon.
1986: During its latest visit to the solar system, Halley's Comet came closest to the sun (its next return will be in 2061).