In 1914, Charles Chaplin made his movie debut as the comedy short “Making a Living” was released by Keystone Film Co.
1653: New Amsterdam — now New York City — was incorporated.
1848: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, ending the Mexican-American War, was signed.
1887: Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania, held its first Groundhog Day festival.
1925: The legendary Alaska Serum Run ended as the last of a series of dog mushers brought a life-saving treatment to Nome, the scene of a diphtheria epidemic, six days after the drug left Nenana.
1943: The remainder of Nazi forces from the Battle of Stalingrad surrendered in a major victory for the Soviets in World War II.
1964: Ranger 6, a lunar probe launched by NASA, crashed onto the surface of the moon as planned, but failed to send back any TV images.