In 1933, President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt escaped an assassination attempt in Miami that mortally wounded Chicago Mayor Anton J. Cermak; gunman Giuseppe Zangara was executed more thanfour weeks later.
1764: The site of present-day St. Louis was established by Pierre Laclede and Auguste Chouteau.
1879: President Rutherford B. Hayes signed a bill allowing female attorneys to argue cases before the Supreme Court.
1898: The U.S. battleship Maine mysteriously blew up in Havana Harbor, killing more than 260 crew members and bringing the United States closer to war with Spain.
1944: Allied bombers destroyed the monastery atop Monte Cassino in Italy.
1971: Britain and Ireland “decimalised” their currencies, making one pound equal to 100 new pence instead of 240 pence.
1995: The FBI arrested Kevin Mitnick, its “most wanted hacker,” and charged him with cracking security for some of the nation's most protected computers. (Mitnick ended up serving five years behind bars.)