In 1890, the Wounded Knee massacre took place in South Dakota as an estimated 300 Sioux Indians were killed by U.S. troops sent to disarm them.
1808: The 17th president of the United States, Andrew Johnson, was born in Raleigh, North Carolina.
1812: During the War of 1812, the American frigate USS Constitution engaged and severely damaged the British frigate HMS Java off Brazil.
1845: Texas was admitted as the 28th state.
1934: Japan formally renounced the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922.
1940: during World War II, Germany dropped incendiary bombs on London, setting off what came to be known as “The Second Great Fire of London.”
1992: the United States and Russia announced agreement on a nuclear arms reduction treaty.