Columbia Mall

With the pyramid skylights in the background, a worker finds himself alone during construction of the Columbia mall. The picture was taken five months before the mall's opening. (Baltimore Sun file photo (1971) / March 29, 1971)

Randy Brooks was just 19 at the time, but he remembers the Aug. 2, 1971, opening of the Columbia mall as if it were yesterday.

"The paint was still drying," said Brooks, now president of Edward Arthur Jewelers, the only original tenant still in operation as the mall prepares to celebrate its 40th birthday. "The bands were warming up outside. All the dignitaries in Howard County were here."

Brooks was living in Annapolis, and Howard County seemed like rural countryside, hardly a likely place for a retail hub. Yet from the first day, it was mobbed. "The shoppers, they seriously came in droves," he said.

In the early days, Brooks said, people would dress up for a day at the mall. Credit cards were rarely used, and people bought jewelry on layaway, paying a little each week. Now, shoppers buy online and comparison-shop with their smartphones.


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Despite the changes, Brooks said, "The mall is still here and doing great." The jewelry company began with the mall store, eventually grew to seven locations, and now is once again a single store in the mall.

As the mall reaches its fourth decade of existence, it remains central to Howard County and to Jim Rouse's vision for the planned community of Columbia.

The Mall in Columbia was a centerpiece, along with the lakefront on the other side of Little Patuxent Parkway, of that vision. "Mr. Rouse, his idea was back then that this was going to be the new Main Street for the town," Brooks said.

"All the merchants that were coming here, we were told this would be the new Main Street, USA," Brooks added.

A lot has changed at the mall since 1971. Back then, it was a mere 640,000 square feet, not the 1.4 million of today. But a lot has stayed the same, too. The mall remains a vibrant destination for shopping, eating and meeting with friends.

Columbia never had a Main Street-style downtown. Instead, it has the mall, the lakefront and the village centers. Now it's natural to wonder how the mall will fit in as Columbia's new owner, the Howard Hughes Corp., plans to revitalize downtown.

John DeWolfe, senior vice president of development for the Howard Hughes Corp., said he could not yet reveal specific plans for revamping Columbia's downtown, but said it will focus on the mall and nearby Merriweather Post Pavilion. "It's probably a dual centerpiece," he said.

He described the mall as "really well run," and said it will remain "sort of the retail headquarters. I think things we do will complement that."

From the beginning, the mall hosted events that cemented its role as a community gathering place as well as a shopping venue. The first of several lavish Ball in the Mall parties was held in 1972 to celebrate the fifth anniversary of Columbia. Santa patiently listens to holiday wishes every December, and Girl Scouts are invited for annual sleepovers in the mall. Health fairs, a weekly "Family Fun Day' and Boy Scouts Pinewood Derby races are also held at the mall.

"I think the mall has always been sort of a family-friendly, community-focused mall," said Michelle Jose, the mall's marketing manager. "It was always intended to be the center of the area."

"It seemed a very important addition to what was a very small community at the time," said Padraic Kennedy, 78, who was president of the Columbia Association from 1972 to 1998.

"In the early days, if you walked through the mall you basically knew everybody," he said. But as Columbia grew and added village centers, "the mall became less of a center of the community and more of a regional shopping center."

The mall, designed with natural light and open spaces, retains a remarkably fresh and modern sensibility, particularly for a 40-year-old building. It has undergone major expansions twice, and the indoor trees have been removed at the request of retailers who sought better sight lines. And, of course, the stores themselves have changed.

The two department stores that served as the mall's first anchors were Hochschild Kohn, a Baltimore-based chain, and Woodward & Lothrop, based inWashington, D.C.

Architect Monk Askew, 69, was Rouse's design director from 1972 to 1999 and led the planning of Town Center. "It was anticipated that it was to be, while it was a privately owned building and facility, it would feel like it was absolutely a public place and the people who used it would feel like it belonged to them," he said.

Before the Columbia mall, he said, two-story malls were designed "like two shopping centers, one put on top of the other." The holes between the first and second floors were small, so people on the ground floor could not see the skylights. The Mall in Columbia, by contrast, has a light and open feel, with skylights visible throughout the space.