Fox-hunting lives on in Maryland
In Maryland hills, riders maintain British fox-hunting tradition with less-lethal means
Geoffrey Hyde, a huntsman from the Elkridge-Harford Hunt, talks about fox hunting, the hounds, and the differences between the sport in England and in the United States (Lloyd Fox/Baltimore Sun)
Motorists, what few there are this deep in the country on a hushed winter morning, a weekday, are slow to take it in. Some stop altogether. For it's something to behold, this pageant of beasts and man -- a scene from another time, another place. A painting.
"It's beautiful to watch. It just is," says David Hagen, a retiree who belongs to the Elkridge-Harford Hunt Club simply to photograph the hunts with his wife, Joan. He takes each picture with the attitude of someone capturing the last breaths of an endangered species.
"It's a piece of Maryland history," he says. "And it's going to go away, just like the watermen."
The Masters of Foxhounds Association counts 163 American fox-hunting clubs. That's about 20,000 hunters in 34 states. Maryland has seven clubs, including two in Baltimore County, the state's de facto fox hunting capital. The western side belongs to Greenspring Valley Hounds, while the eastern territory is all the 135-year-old Elkridge-Harford organization.
These days, its 100 or so hunters have hard-fought permission to ride through about 120 acres. It's farmland mainly, pastures that dip and crest, with well-kept homes, dilapidated barns and lightly forested pockets. They have a clubhouse just off Jarrettsville Pike. If one didn't recognize the location from the "Horses and Hounds crossing since 1878" sign there, there's always the door knocker: a brass fox.
Club members convene three times a week during the fall and winter, stopping in March, which is fox cubbing season. On a recent Monday morning, they drove horse trailers up onto a grassy hill near the intersection of Hutchins Mill and Pocock roads. It's overcast and brisk with predictions of snow on the way. Hunters sip warm port and stroke their horses' muzzles.
Their dress — little different from what George Washington wore to hunt in his day. Every member wears a frock coat or hacking jacket, britches, riding hat, knee-high black leather riding boots — often custom cut — and white neckwear called stock scarves, wrapped just so and held in place with gold pins, ready to be unraveled should man or horse require a bandage. On top of that foundation comes a tedious code of accouterment. Depending on your role in the hunt, whether you're a man or a woman and other particulars, there are certain coat colors, certain numbers of buttons, certain collars — even purposeful directions to point your scarf pin.
"England did it that way, so we do it that way," says Liz McNight, a former steeplechase jockey and the club's master, an elected office she has held for 20 years but might give up after this season. "Continuity is very important to this sport."
They ride — for as long as four hours sometimes — across farms and fields, jumping fences, high-footing through mud, splashing through puddles and streams. Folks come and go as they please. More aggressive, seasoned riders lead the pack while those interested in a more leisurely afternoon stay back and sometimes lose track of the hounds altogether.
During the Monday hunt, a few members of the party break off from the group to head home along one of the winding, paved country roads. Cars keep a respectful distance as the horses clap along the pavement, making their way back to the start under a canopy of bare tree branches.
The hunt concludes with most of the party never even seeing a fox, though the hounds certainly roused a few — and deer, too. Though animal-rights groups have sharply criticized hunts, particularly in England, for killing foxes, that's one British tradition the Americans never embraced. Though overly enthusiastic hounds have caught foxes, hunters will tell you that's not the intention. They aim to chase a fox to ground — its hole — and then call off the hounds and leave.
"They shouldn't call it fox hunting," says Cappy Jackson, 58, of Sparks, who started fox hunting when she was just 7. "They should call it fox chasing. We never catch them."
Geoff Hyde, 54, the club's huntsman for 24 years, lives at the club's property to care for their approximately 100 hounds and train them in the ways of the hunt.
"It's a way of life, not a job," he says. "You've got to love it. And you have to be able to read the hounds and the horses. The hounds, the horses and the countryside."
These are not "dogs" to fox hunters. Do not make that mistake. They are hounds. Specifically, they're crossbred foxhounds of English and American lineage. Hyde brought 15 and a half of them to the Monday hunt — they're traditionally counted in pairs. All with tan ears and spotted coats, to a newcomer's eyes they look essentially identical. Yet Hyde, who raised each one from a pup, recognizes each one. Tokyo. Ivan. Rocket. Paddy. Cowboy. Lex. Anchor. Cyclone ...
Their barks and cries carry over the hills and through thickets. Enthusiasts call it music. Same with the notes Hyde blows on his antique huntsman's horn. A call of three long notes brings wayward hounds back to him. A staccato blast has them scurrying from cover. When he blows three notes, holding the final one so long it turns his face as scarlet as his jacket, the hunt has ended. To Hyde, that one sounds mournful.
Bob and Kerri Smyth, who own Glen Manor farm nearby in Monkton, are among the first to arrive and the last to leave. The president of the Baltimore-area Smyth Jewelers and his wife have hunted foxes for 12 years, despite Kerri Smyth's initial reluctance.
"The first time I went out, I was scared to death," she says. "And then after the second time, I've never stopped since. It's an addiction."
Hunting is the couple's passion and pastime. They easily part with tickets to their box for Ravens games. But rarely do they miss a dirty, earthy, exhilarating hunt, the chance, as he puts it, to enjoy breathtakingly beautiful land, "doing something physical with like-minded people."
"This?" Smyth says, gesturing to the pastoral panorama that spreads in either direction as far as he can see. "This? You can get on a horse and you ride over this? It doesn't get any better."