Job interviews can be marathons. But I've never heard of one quite like what journalist Hector Tobar went through on his way to becoming the chosen author for "Deep Down Dark: The Untold Stories of 33 Men Buried in a Chilean Mine, and the Miracle that Set Them Free."
Tobar, a journalist and author, is the son of Guatemalan immigrants and a Los Angeles native. He is known for his writing, his reporting, his affability and his empathy for the working class.
The miners, trapped underground in a collapsed Chilean mine for 69 days in 2010, endured an ordeal that put the whole world on watch as the men waited for rescue. They had made a pact as they waited underground that they would choose one person to tell their collective story.
The miners' lawyers retained the William Morris Endeavor talent agency. The agency contacted Tobar, a longtime writer for the Los Angeles Times who had published three previous books. Then Tobar had to go to Chile, to meet with the miners and secure their trust.
All 33 of them.
The miners picked Tobar, and the result is a classic work of adventure reporting. "Deep Down Dark" was one of the best books I read this year it was a nonfiction finalist for the National Book Critics Circle Award, riveting in its storytelling, meticulous in its reporting and its empathy for the miners. It's just been released in paperback (Picador, $16). In November, a movie based on the book, "The 33," starring Antonio Banderas and Juliette Binoche, will be released in America.
Tobar, who teaches journalism at the University of Oregon and writes a monthly column for The New York Times, answered some questions about his extraordinary odyssey of reporting and writing "Deep Down Dark":
Q: How did you get the miners to trust you?
A: I felt right away I was in the presence of people who had been through an extraordinary experience. I tried to communicate my sense of compassion, empathy and my curiosity about mining culture and their families, their jobs and their children.
I communicated to them that I really cared about them. I think they were exposed to a lot of people (in tabloid journalism) who wanted to tell their story in a very melodramatic way. I tried to communicate that I wanted to learn as much as I could about them.
Q: How did you go about reporting and shaping a story with so many characters the 33 miners, not to mention their families and the people who were trying to save them?
A: My first questions were about mining culture I had to learn how the mine worked. As I asked my questions I could also begin to see the natural structure ...
There was the first 17 days, from when they were trapped to when they were discovered. There was a certain purity to the way they talked about it, and what happened to them.
And then there was what happened to them between the time the drill broke through to when they got out. That was more funny and absurd and strange.
... The first part of the story was about the better part of their nature, and the second part was about the darker part of human nature.
Q: It was so interesting to watch how different men stepped forward to become leaders not necessarily the men you would have expected. The moment early on when some men broke into the emergency-food supplies and ate them, when the group had no idea how long they would need to make the food last that seemed like a turning point.
A: Without a doubt, the very strong personality of Mario Sepulveda and a couple of other men were absolutely essential. They were people who were assertive and communicated what had to be done. The leadership of the shift supervisor was not there. Without their leadership, it would have descended into chaos.
And then there was faith, to have men who could say, we need to be strong but we need to call on a higher power, to call on the faith we have in our family and in our countries.
Q: I assume you were not allowed inside the mine that collapsed. How did you come up with your descriptions of the environment the miners lived in during that time?
A: I did make several visits to the San Jose mine. The mine is closed but you can walk up to the entrance. You can see the tunnel that the men went in, though only a few feet into it. I went just to be there. It's the middle of the desert, which requires you to travel for an hour outside of town through this moonscape. That was a pretty unforgettable experience.
I got to enter a mine close by that was similar to the San Jose mine. I went down with the filmmakers several hundred feet. That really showed me the abyss.
Finally, I had access to videos the men shot, too. The first video they made after they (the rescuers) broke through, with a camera the government sent down, that really showed their physical deterioration.
Q: Were there characters in the stories that were your favorites, that helped you put everything together?
A: I kept on hearing the story about this woman (Maria Segovia), who was mayor of the camp (the miners' families formed a camp outside the mine and lived there during the rescue effort).
It turned out that she lived eight or nine hours on the other side of the desert. She took a bus and came to speak to me at her brother's house. She was just a wonderful interview, she transported me back in time to her brother (Dario Segovia) and herself where they grew up, the fortitude that growing up poor required, the belief that 'I am marginal, but I am going to fight to survive, and I am not going to allow anything to tear that apart.'
She gave me the material and the confidence and the vision to put that in the story. I think I put all her best stories into the book. She was really important to me.
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