"Bloody guy from a horror-themed video game, that's OK," said Vowles, "but adding 'rape time,' not OK. Had any staffer seen that costume, they should have removed him."

Seasoned Otakon-goers like 27-year-old Anne Marie Chua Lee, of Arlington, Va., who runs a custom costume company, know how to interpret — and sometimes face down — that kind of lunatic-fringe behavior. Hearing about the "rape time" character, Lee immediately recognized him from the original video game and the meme, and noted that "in the gaming community, 'getting raped' is a game term for 'getting slaughtered." She also said that "furries are disturbing even to anime fans." But they're difficult to spot in conventions where all-fur costumes can also be completely innocent. Even if she and her friends see a tip-off that an animal-costumed fan is actually a furry on the make, "we're tolerant of him — but on the Internet at night you'll see messages like, 'What was that guy doing there?'"

Kelts believes that Lee and her friends have learned a Japanese concept that translates into "turning away."

"If someone is doing something you find distasteful, just turn away from it," he said. "You may find a 35-year-old man dressed as a schoolgirl disgusting. But you tolerate it, because you've all come together at this convention to celebrate your own interests."

J-F Bibeau, who lives 12 blocks from Otakon's convention center site, thinks that moralistic concerns over conflicting fan groups "stem from ingrained expectations. The knee-jerk reaction of outsiders is to look at cartoons from this foreign country — they seem interesting, they seem exciting — and to think that these cartoons are all aimed at kids. They assume they're no different from the cartoons they grew up with; maybe a little more intricate and detailed. So when they see something sultry and suggestive and violent, they get worried — but it stems from the misconception that it's all meant for children. In the convention, all genres come and meet — something as cute and innocent as 'Pokemon' and something much more heavy-duty, like 'Hellsing,' which has Nazi vampires. I say keep your kids from watching it, but you watch it."

What can be confusing in a good way for Americans is manga's and anime's mingling of whimsicality and dead-seriousness. For one of Kelts' four Otakon panels, he was preparing to discuss the apocalyptic imagery in traditional and pop Japanese culture, including "Akira," which starts after a nuclear holocaust.

Even now, Kelts said, "no one in Japan proudly wears the badge 'otaku.'" But the rise of the digital lifestyle in Japan and respect for those who master it has given otaku a big boost in its homeland.

And Kelts finds the human-digital interface of the American otaku tremendously moving.

"We tend to think of Internet-obsessive people as dropping out of society. Here we have an example of the Internet helping to produce direct human relationships. You go opening night and you see young people getting out of their cars and leaping into each other's arms — some of them see each other only once a year, at this convention or another. They spend of the rest of the year messaging about their favorite anime or manga or their favorite character. But at the convention they have a weekend of pure celebration — and to me, that's a positive example of Internet connectivity, bringing people together."


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