Zelda Rubinstein, the diminutive character actress with the childlike voice who was best known as the psychic called in to rid a suburban home of demonic forces in the 1982 horror movie "Poltergeist," died Wednesday. She was 76.

Rubinstein, who also appeared as the mother figure in a high-profile mid-1980s public awareness campaign in Los Angeles aimed at stopping the spread of AIDS, died of natural causes at Barlow Respiratory Hospital in Los Angeles, said Eric Stevens, her agent.
Zelda Rubinstein: In Thursday's Section A, a caption with the Zelda Rubinstein obituary said a photograph showed a scene from the film "Poltergeist." The scene was from "Poltergeist II." —

Zelda Rubinstein: The obituary of actress Zelda Rubinstein in Thursday's Section A said she had no immediate surviving family members. She had a daughter, Nann Lutz; five grandchildren; and three great-grandchildren. —

Rubinstein was hospitalized at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center about two months ago after suffering a mild heart attack, Stevens said. "She had ongoing health issues and unfortunately they finally overtook her," he said.

A medical lab technician before launching her acting career in her 40s, the 4-foot-3 Rubinstein made her film debut as one of the little people in the 1981 Chevy Chase comedy "Under the Rainbow."

Among her other credits are the movies "Frances," "Sixteen Candles," "Teen Witch," "Anguish" and "Southland Tales" and the TV series "Picket Fences," on which she was a regular.

But Rubinstein made her biggest impact as Tangina in director Tobe Hooper's “Poltergeist,” co-written by Steven Spielberg, who also served as a producer.

"Do y'all mind hanging back? You're jamming my frequencies," Rubinstein's Tangina says as she tours the house after the young daughter has been sucked into a blinding white light in her bedroom closet and disappeared.

The role was written specifically for a little person.

"I thought it would be neat to show that someone's size had nothing to do with her psychic powers," Spielberg told The Times in 1982. "Good things can come in small packages, and that's certainly true of Zelda."

Film critics agreed.

Sheila Benson of The Times called Rubinstein's Tangina "the most original and reassuring character in the film."

The New Yorker's Pauline Kael raved that the "character gives the movie new life, and she makes a large chunk of it work. . . . She emanates the eerie calm of someone who is used to dealing with tricky, deceiving ghosts."

Rubinstein, who reprised her character in two "Poltergeist" sequels, expressed hope that "Poltergeist" would raise awareness of the little people in show business.

Her activism began on the set of "Under the Rainbow."

"It's absolutely despicable," she said of the way the little people portraying Munchkins were used as comic relief in the movie. "You're not an actor if you're just a person that fits into a cute costume. You're a prop."